Description

Choose TWO questions – one from each question set below – to answer. Place your chosen questions and the formulated answers* within a separate document that includes your name at the top.

*Your answers will be scored on completeness, correctness, clarity, and conciseness, and the degree of synthesis and application of the related concepts, not on how many words they contain. More is not necessarily better!

QUESTION SET 1: WEATHER APPLICATIONS IN EVERYDAY LIFE

  1. Describe the general trends in pressure and temperature data collected as a radiosonde attached to a weather balloon rises through the troposphere. Support your answer by synthesizing and applying concepts explored in Module 1 regarding the vertical structure of the atmosphere.
  2. During a summer vacation to Mammoth Mountain, California, you and some friends are planning to take the ski lift to the top of the mountain, at nearly 11,000 feet above sea level, and descend on bikes. Assuming there is no rain in the forecast, how should you and your friends prepare for this adventure based on the expected changes in atmospheric conditions during the descent? Support your answer by synthesizing and applying concepts explored in Module 1 regarding the vertical structure of the atmosphere.
  3. Assume that the weather at the Embry-Riddle campus in Daytona Beach, FL, is currently dominated by low pressure, and that the weather at the Embry-Riddle campus in Prescott, Arizona, is currently dominated by high pressure. Synthesize and apply concepts explored in Module 1 to describe the expected differences in the current weather conditions at each location based on the stated differences in relative pressure. Your discussion should include references to several specific weather elements.
  4. Synthesize and apply concepts explored in Module 1 to explain how you could determine the approximate locations of surface high and low-pressure systems by viewing a weather satellite image of cloud cover over the United States.

QUESTION SET 2: WEATHER APPLICATIONS IN AVIATION

  1. You are a member of an airport development firm who has been contracted to build two new regional airports – one in a valley nestled in high mountains and one near an ocean coastline. Synthesize and apply concepts explored in Module 1 to explain why your firm should consult a climate expert in the planning process.
  2. Synthesize and apply concepts explored in Module 1 regarding the vertical structure of the atmosphere to explain the need for commercial aircraft cabin air pressurization.
  3. The upward lift on an aircraft wing is directly proportional to the atmospheric density. All other factors aside, will the upward lift on an aircraft wing increase or decrease as it gains altitude? Synthesize and apply concepts explored in Module 1 to justify your answer.
  4. After choosing any TWO weather elements described in Module 1, make specific connections between each weather element and expected or potential impacts to flight operations (during either takeoff, landing, or

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