Covid 19 Vaccine Should Be Made Mandatory for Health Care Provider Essay
Covid 19 Vaccine Should Be Made Mandatory for Health Care Provider
video taught us about Blase Pascal who argued that we should believe in God because of what is called Pascal’s Wager. Pascal took a pragmatic approach looking at gains and losses affected by believing versus not believing in God, rather than the epistemic approach which looks at arguments and evidence which supports believing in God or not believing. We looked at Pascal’s argument in the form of a table that showed that there are always odds that you are believing in the “wrong” thing. For example, It is the thought that if I believe in God, and god exists, then Ill go to heaven, but if God exists and I don’t believe in God, then I may go to hell. If there is no God, whether I believe or not, whatever I wold gain or lose would be finite, therefore I should believe in God. We then discussed expected value, which is what to use to make a decision if you’re uncertain about relevant facts such as God’s existence. The common rule to follow here is that you should pick the action that maximizes the expected value. However there are objections to the wager, the first one being the Many Gods objection which says that you could believe in the wrong God. The response to this is that probability matters, and you are better off wagering for the religion that you find most likely to be true. Our se cond objection is the Impossibility objection, which says that wagering is impossible because we can’t form beliefs merely for our benefit, showing that doxastic voluntarism is false. The response to this is that not all beliefs are created equal, as well as action, not belief is most important. Finally we have the Irrationality objection, which says even if it is possible to take Pascal’s wager, this doesn’t guarantee that the beliefs formed would be rational. Believing because the wager violates evidentialism. The responses to this are that your evidence is permissive, and again action, not belief. I personally think that this is quite interesting because I don’t believe that one religion is superior to another, and I don’t find that we have any evidence or arguments to prove that one is more plausible than another, therefore it’s interesting how people can be so committed to their religion and truly feel that they know that what they believe in is true even though it is very possible that they could be “wrong”. Reply 2) In this week’s video, we are introduced with the question about whether God exists or should we believe in God. Thre are two approached to this question, the epistemic approach in which we look at arguments and evidence to whether God exists or not, and the pragmatic approach, in which is looking at the gains and losses for believing or not believing that God exists. We’re then introduced to Blaise Pascal who took the pragmatic approach , and argued that we should believe in God, because of Pascals’ Wager. We looked at Pascals’ Wager in the form of a table and what is basically tells us that there are two ways the world exists, which are God exists or doesn’t exist. Then there are two actions we can take which are that we can believe in God or not believe in God. If God exist and you believe in God then you get something good out of it, such as going to heaven and if God exists and you don’t belive in God then you get something bad out of it, such as going to hell. However, if God doen’t exist, whether you believe in God or not, the gain and loses of tht decision whould be infinite, and therefore we should believe in God. The video then talks about the expected value, where if we are unsure whether to believe in go or not due to uncertian evidence on the existence of God then the best way to go is to choose the action that would increase the expected value. However, we have to consider three objection tht are presented to us, which are: 1) The Many-Gods Objection, which tells us that it is possible to believe in the wrong God. The response to this objection is that probablitlity matters and that we should wager for the religion that we find most likley to be true. 2) The Impossiblility Objection, in which if we are unable to form beliefs for our own benefits, then wagering is impossible, and thus doxastic voluntarism, which is the idea the we can voluntarly control our beliefs is false. The response to this objection is the idea that not all beliefs are created equal and another response is to make the wager about action and not belief. 3) The Irrationality Objection, in which that even if it’s possible to use take Pascals’ Wager, it doesn’t guarantee that the beliefs that are formed through wagering are rational. By believeign because of the wager would aslo violate evidentialism. The responses to this objection is that our evidence is premissive and that we should wager about action and not belief. I found this week very interesting and I personally think that everyone has a right to choose their own religion and stick to it, however, it’s interesting how we can never really know if what we believe in is right or wrong or that what religion carries the most expected value. Each religion carries it’s own beliefs and expected values and I don’t think one is better than the other. Part 3: Answer the following questions in sentences. 1) What is Pascal’s wager? How is it different than traditional arguments for theism and atheism? 2) Explain the many gods objection in your own words. How does Jackson respond? Do you find Jackson’s response convincing? 3) Jackson discusses two other objections to the wager: the impossibility objection and the irrationality objection. Explain each in your own words, using examples. 4) What did you think of the reading? Critically evaluate it. What did you agree with? What did you disagree with? For example, do you think Pascal’s wager is a good reason to believe in God? If so, why? If not, why not? 5) What would you like to talk about in our *final* large group meeting next Monday? What questions do you have about this unit (including Pascal’s wager and faith)? What topics would you like to discuss more?
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