The process in which analysis of facts are objectively and intellectually formed to make a sound judgment is referred to as critical thinking. In most cases where critical thinking is applied, the subject under analysis is complex and includes many definitions that present some form of doubt and at the same time rationality, (Morse, 2015). It is self-initiated as one forms their own view on a certain matter that others view from a different perspective. Critical thinking consists of descriptions, analysis, and evaluations in the sense that all these aspects are supported by effective communication and problem-solving. Critical thinking dates back to ancient Greece with early teaching written by Plato a Socrate. The Socrates claimed that it was relatively dopey for people to rely on the thinking and decisions made by people with high authority. This is because they may also lack the aspect of insight and basic knowledge despite having authority thus the decision-making process resulting in irrationality. Plato encouraged people to seek evidence and evaluate matters based on assumptions and analysis before acquiring or setting a belief towards something (Giuliano, 2017). Critical thinking yields critical analysis where one establishes the facts and figures, so as to make a logical judgment.
Critical analysis is a directive form of writing that describes the writer’s opinion as well as text evaluation. It is a step by step process that seeks to answer three types of questions; how it looks, works and how it compares from others so as to make out its significance. Being able to answer the following questions in every text distinguishes between descriptive thinking and critical analysis. In the process of analysis, the text seeks to answer what, where, who, when, how, why, what if, so what questions and what next questions. The ability to break down by critically reading and critically writing a text or a script and being able to analyze it describes the whole process of critical analysis (Parker, 2014).