Description

Instructions
Remember – these journal questions require more thinking than writing. Think about exactly what you are asked to do, and then write as economically as possible. 

For this journal assignment, answer each of the following prompts:

  • Important Idea
    • Considering only the Introduction to Chapter 5, in terms of developing critical thinking and reasoning, what do you consider is the most valuable and important idea in that section? You can either summarize or directly quote the text; then, briefly explain why you find this idea important and valuable.
  • Critical Thinking
    • In Chapter 5, the section “Making Arguments” states: “In some ways applying our core critical thinking skills to analysis can be more difficult than offering an evaluative opinion. Analysis, like interpretation, is understanding at a deep level (p. 89)”
      • What concepts discussed in Chapter 4 might make analysis of a statement difficult – and why?
  • Beliefs
    • Why do you believe what you believe?
    • What is your “evidence”?
    • Test one of your beliefs by asking yourself, “Why?” As you answer each “why,” go down another layer – four layers will probably give you a good idea of why you believe what you believe.
    • Your product should show a well-reasoned and logical basis for your belief. Stay away from the big stuff, like believing in God, or who to vote for in the next election, and don’t look for sources – this is about what you believe and why you believe it. After all, this is only an 8-week course, and we can’t settle everything!

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Analyze Arguments and Diagram Decisions 89 Making arguments and giving reasons to communi- decision. The criteria for successful analyses are accuracy, cate the basis for our beliefs and decisions are universal completeness, and fair-minded objectivity. in our species. There is a way to ask “Why?” in every lan- guage . For example, if we ask the National Shooting Sports 5.1 Analyzing Reasons of made for children, like the Cricket, a spokesperson may reply, “Because we are trying to develop the next generation of and Claims gun users.” And if we pursue that response a bit further, the Consistent with common usage, we will use the expression representative may explain, “The NSSF is a trade associa- make an argument to refer to the process of giving one or tion for the American fire arms industry.” To the question more reasons

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