Diversity & Cultural Competency in Health Care

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Thesis Statement: For health community health disparities to reduce, healthcare systems should demonstrate positive racial and ethnic composition and promote cultural competency among health professionals, vital for improving care services to all patients.

Outline:

  1. Introduction
  2. Every citizen, regardless of race, ethnicity, cultural belief, gender, or sexual orientation, has a right to quality healthcare services, which must be provided and should not be denied under any circumstance.
  3. Minority groups, including LGBTQ+ individuals and people with disability, fail to access quality medical attention due to the lack of cultural competence and diversity in healthcare systems.
  4. For health community health disparities to reduce, healthcare systems should demonstrate positive racial and ethnic composition and promote cultural competency among health professionals, vital for improving care services to all patients.

  5. Promoting cultural competency in the healthcare workforce positively influences the     reduction in health disparities; thus, improving medical care services to patients.
  6. Cross-cultural approaches backed with education and training provide the health workforce with knowledge and skills to provide quality medical care to patients from varied ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
  7. Cultural competence training among healthcare workers can occur through raising awareness on sexuality, racism, gender, and system biasness; hence, it aligns medical professionals to provide evidence-based care.

  8. Cultural competency training and education among health professionals significantly reduce health disparities among LGBTQ+ individuals and ethnic minority groups.
  9. Training interventions relating to the LGBTQ+ community assist health professionals to develop positive attitudes towards the group; thus, improving healthcare access.
  10. Cultural competency education among health professionals improves the documentation of minority groups like African Americans and Hispanics; hence, promoting healthcare access via screening of chronic diseases.

  11. Physicians belonging to racial and ethnic minority groups such as African Americans and Hispanics practice primary care and provide quality medical services to underserved communities, reducing healthcare disparities.
  12. Ethnic or racial minority primary care physicians increase marginalized groups’ access to essential medical services like orthopedic surgery, gynecology, obstetrics, emergency medicine, and radiology.
  13. The equitable distribution of primary care specialists to minority groups promotes knowledge development on various health issues; hence, improving health and wellbeing.
  • Cultural competence training among healthcare specialists increases marginalized groups’ access to health services but does not promote quality medical care outcomes.
  • When dealing with marginalized groups, health professionals lack attention control, avoid reporting unintended circumstances or fail to follow up on an individual’s health conditions, leading to poor outcomes.
  • Although cultural competence training transforms the attitudes of health professionals, it does not guarantee quality health services or positive outcomes from medical care; hence, minority groups can be attended to, yet health providers lack the belief or urge to assist. 
  • Not all health professionals will fail to follow up or lose attention control on minority groups’ health. It depends on the specialist’s attitudes towards the marginalized group. Cultural competence training is inconclusive whether it will promote quality health outcomes since people have different attitudes.
  • Conclusion
  • Cultural competency training and education are essential for health professionals to equip them with knowledge and skills in working with minority groups like African Americans, Hispanics, and the LGBTQ+ communities to improve healthcare access.
  • The equitable distribution of healthcare specialists to marginalized groups is vital to reduce health disparities and provide essential services like emergency medicine, obstetrics, orthopedic surgery, and gynecology.
  • Promoting cultural competency among health specialists and maintaining an equitable ethnic composition of health providers has a significant positive effect on reducing health disparity levels. 

Annotated Bibliography:

  1. Abrishami, D. (2018). The need for cultural competency in health care. Radiologic Technology, 89(5), 441-448.

This article examines the significance of cultural competency education in healthcare, especially health imaging. The article finds that cultural competency education promotes patient-centered care, reducing health disparities. This article is accurate and reliable since the author uses recent research studies from Medline databases to gather information on cultural competency education. The article does not demonstrate any biasness against minority groups but seeks to promote equitable health coverage for all people. This article is relevant to my paper based on the fact that it explains the significance of cultural competency in eliminating health disparities. Similar to my paper, it suggests that cultural competency enables health professionals to work with diverse groups successfully.

  • Butler, M., McCreedy, E., Schwer, N., Burgess, D., Call, K., Przedworski, J., … & Kane, R. L. (2016). Improving cultural competence to reduce health disparities.

This article explores how cultural competency training and education among healthcare providers can improve health access for LGBTQ+ communities and ethnic minority groups. The authors suggest that competency training and education transform health professionals’ attitudes; thus, promoting healthcare access of LGBTQ+ communities and racial minority groups. This article is accurate and reliable since it contains information from Medline, Embase, and EPOC databases, which relate to community health. Also, it contains recent information since EPOC, Medline, and Embase databases use up-to-date data. This article is relevant to my paper since it examines how minority groups and LGBTQ+ communities can access quality health services through cultural competence education and training on health specialists. Additionally, it is relevant to my paper since it provides an opposing view that cultural competency education and training do not promote positive medical outcomes since health providers fail to report or follow up on the health conditions of marginalized groups. 

  • Jongen, C., McCalman, J., & Bainbridge, R. (2018). Health workforce cultural competency interventions: a systematic scoping review. BMC health services research, 18(1), 1-15.

This article suggests that training and development interventions among health providers promote cultural competency, boosting medical care services to ethnically diverse groups. The authors submit that a cross-cultural approach combined with training and education is vital to boost health professionals’ knowledge, attitudes, and skills, assisting them in delivering quality healthcare. This article is accurate and relevant because it evaluates 16 interventions among the health workforce. Additionally, it examines recent research studies related to cultural competency in the healthcare workforce. This article is relevant to the paper based on the fact that it proves cultural competence training to be an essential strategy to bolster the access and delivery of services to minority groups like African Americans, Latinos, and Indigenous peoples.

  • Nair, L., & Adetayo, O. A. (2019). Cultural competence and ethnic diversity in healthcare. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open, 7(5).

The article suggests that the healthcare system can achieve cultural competence and ethnic diversity by recruiting and retaining diverse medical professionals, training staff members, and providing culturally appropriate education materials to boost healthcare providers’ knowledge of marginalized groups. This article is accurate and reliable since it examines 119 California hospitals and does not exhibit biasness on minority groups. Besides, it utilizes recent research articles to gather more information on cultural competence education and training. This article is relevant to my paper since it demonstrates sufficient knowledge of how cultural competence education and training can promote quality healthcare services to all patients. It mentions that cultural competence enables health professionals to collaborate with individuals from different cultures; hence, facilitating quality healthcare.

  • Xierali, I. M., & Nivet, M. A. (2018). The racial and ethnic composition and distribution of primary care physicians. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved, 29(1), 556.

This article suggests that an equitable distribution of healthcare specialists is vital to enhance marginalized groups’ access to essential medical services like obstetrics, emergency medicine, gynecology, and surgery. The authors submit that having ethnic minority physicians is essential to improve medical services to underserved communities. This article is accurate and reliable since it examines 147,815 direct primary care health providers and their ethnic backgrounds. The authors utilized recent research articles to support theoretical knowledge. Additionally, it does not demonstrate biasness towards minority groups. This article is relevant to my paper since it provides information on physicians’ ethnic and racial distribution and examines how individuals belonging to marginalized communities benefit from healthcare sectors.

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