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Module Five Notes Lesson Goals  Explain the different components of the marine and terrestrial carbon cycle.  The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle  Photosynthesis  Originated 3 billion years ago and has become one of the most important processes on Earth, helping to make our planet habitable, in stark contrast to the other known planets.  Overview, Plants capture light energy and use it to split water molecules and then combine the products with Carbon Dioxide to make Carbohydrates, which are used for fuel and construction of plants; Oxygen is merely a byproduct. o 6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6O2 o Carbon Dioxide + Water -> Sugar + Oxygen  The process takes place in the chloroplasts located in the interior of leaves. Here, chlorophyll absorbs solar energy in the red and blue parts of the spectrum. This energy is used to split a