“A firm has a debt with a face value of $100. Its projects will pay a safe $80 tomorrow. Managers care only about shareholders. A new quickie project comes along that costs $20, earns either $10 or $40 with equal probabilities, and does so by tomorrow. a)Is this a positive-NPV project? b)If the new project can only be financed with a new equity issue, would the shareholders vote for this? Would the creditors? c)Assume the exisitng bond contract was written in a way that allows the new projects to be financed with first collateral (superseniority with respect to the existing creditors). New creditors can collect $20 from what the existing projects will surely pay. Would the existing creditors be better off? d)What is the better arrangement from a firm-value perspective?
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