There is no need to reproduce the question at the top of the page or provide a formal introduction or conclusion—this will take up space you could use for your answer. You can dive right into addressing the different points for each question. Make sure to answer all parts of each question.

Use your own words to explain the different concepts and arguments you reference from authors or other materials that you cite in support of your answers. Do not include direct quotes from readings!

You do not need to provide a reference list for this exam, but you do need to refer to and cite course readings to support your answers. You may cite material from lecture, but you will lose points if you rely only on lectures to support your answers, even if they are correct. You do not need to bring in any outside sources. Use in-text citations: for example (Cherlin, 2014) for a reading, or (Reed, Lecture 4) for lecture.

Turn in your exam on bCourses with all answers combined into one document, as a word document or PDF file. All work submitted for this exam must be original and entirely your own. 

  1. Describe the dominant ideals and patterns for mid-20th century families in the U.S. around marriage and divorce, childbearing and gender relations and roles, as well as the social context (the social, economic, political, and cultural factors) that made it possible for so many families to access these arrangements. Make sure to reference at least three total sources to support this part of your answer. Next, choose two groups profiled in Chapters 14 and 15 of A Different Mirror (Takaki). Explain how specific aspects of the social context experienced by each group you discuss were likely to play out in terms of the family patterns you described above, and how and why they may have resulted in differences from the dominant patterns you described earlier
  2. 2. In your own words, explain how economic shifts starting around 1970 affected family patterns in the U.S. According to Cherlin, in Labor’s Love Lost,  what aspects of the economy changed, and what ongoing impacts have they had on family organization in terms of patterns around marriage, divorce and childbearing and why? Have these changes affected all social groups equally? Next, explain Cherlin’s argument for why we should be concerned about these changes. How do the research findings reported in the articles by Cooper & Pugh and Raley & Sweeney support and/or challenge Cherlin’s argument about why we should care?

Explanation & Answer length: 3 pages

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