Blue hole in Honduras ——One of the top ten geological wonders of the world! Geological origin: The Honduran Blue Hole is a limestone pit formed at the end of the Ice age. Due to the erosion of fresh water and sea water, many caves have formed in this limestone area. The location of the Blue Hole is also a huge rock cavern, and due to gravity and earthquakes, the porous limestone dome inside the cavern happened to be replaced by a nearly perfect circular opening, creating an open-air shaft. When the ice melts and the sea level rises, the water flows back into the shaft, creating a unique blue hole in the sea. Location: Belize Geographical environment: The Honduran Blue Hole is round in appearance, with a diameter of about 304 meters and a depth of 17°18’55.03N, 87°32’03.75W about 145 meters. It is dark blue. And is now a mecca for many intrepid divers. The Blue Hole is famous for its sponges, barracuda, coral, angelfish, and a school of sharks that often patrol the cave. World status: There are many species of sharks in the mysterious cave, which is like a magnetic field full of magic. It attracts the brave divers from all over the world to come and have a personal experience, making it one of the most famous diving sites in the world. It means that “if you don’t dive in this blue cave in your life, even if you are a master, it will fail”. Today the Blue Hole of Honduras is a famous diving resort. World renowned scuba diving expert Jacob Yves Cousteau rated the Great Blue Hole as one of the world’s top ten diving sites and surveyed it in 1971. KAPLAN INTERNATIONAL PATHWAYS Activity: Geology on Campus Activity outline Geology has played a vital role in Scotland’s historic built environment and industrial past, from prehistoric times to the present day. Following the exploratory workshop investigating the geology and building stones around Gilmorehill Campus area and the Hunterian Collection at the University of Glasgow, you will create an A5 infographic leaflet to communicate your findings of a particular locality or collection, targeted to a non- specialist audience (the general public). Effective scientific communication and public engagement are important skills for a researcher, and your leaflet should be engaging and accessible to the general public. Evidence of completion Evidence of completion In order to provide evidence of completing this activity you must produce an A5 leaflet (landscape or portrait) to inform a non-specialist audience about the geological significant of a particular locality or collection visited during the workshop, which must include the following elements: A title – a catchy and engaging title Location and map showing the locality – including accessibility and instructions on how to get there Description and photo(s) of the building stone(s) or collection – including information on the rock type(s), a geological map (if appropriate), the geological formation(s), age and geological history, provenance (i.e. quarry or collector) and other uses of that rock type. ✓ Historical significance of the collection building) References – Details of any references used. Your flyer should aim to inform and engage a visitor at a partic locality. You have the option to include more than one locality if you develop a theme (e.g. ‘Spotting Sedimentary rocks at the University of Glasgow’). Be as creative and artistic with your flyer as you like. There are many examples of posters, leaflets and flyers of Scottish geology included on the VLE to seek inspiration.

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