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HS111: Medical Terminology

INSTRUCTIONS: For your participation responses you need to choose two classmates and respond by asking them for information that you would want to know but they did not cover in their original post and include a problem that you are experiencing related to performing your activities of daily living. Your response should be around 75 words. Please review the Discussion Board grading rubric attached to understand how your posts will be evaluated.

CLASSMATE POST #1

Mrs. Vinton you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis which is a common disease. This is when the density and quality of your bones has been reduced. Your body Is constantly absorbing and replacing bone tissue. With osteoporosis, new bone creation does not keep up with old bone removal, causing your bones to become porous. Most people with osteoporosis don’t have any symptoms and they until they have a bone density test or a fracture, they don’t know they have it. There is only one early sign and that can be a loss of height caused by curving of the spine.

We ran an x-ray on your body and spine and we performed a bone density scan to diagnose you and to determine your risk for fracture. The usual treatment for this condition is a combination of medication and a change to your lifestyle. Bisphosphonates, which allow the bone building cells in your body to work more effectively, are the most common medications prescribed for osteoporosis treatment. As far as your lifestyle, the changes we hope to see are more exercise and good nutrition, really focusing on foods rich in Vitamin D and Calcium. Those two vitamins and minerals also add to the bone-building process in your body. If you smoke or drink work on cutting back and then eventually quitting. The outlook for people with osteoporosis is good, especially if the problem is caught and treated early. Bone density generally can be improved to an extent and the risk of fractures can be greatly reduced with treatment.

~ Adrienne Abascal ~

Sources:

https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=osteoporosis
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16795-bone-disorders/types
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/in-depth/osteoporosis-treatment/art-20046869
https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/osteoporosis-a-to-z

CLASSMATE POST #2

Welcome Vinton Family,

I am glad that you all came to the office today to support Joy while we discuss her diagnosis. If you have any questions while we go over her condition, please feel free to stop me and ask. Joy has been diagnosed with osteochondritis dissecans, which is a fancy word for inflammation of the bone and cartilage. It is a joint condition in which the bone underneath the cartilage of a joint dies due to the lack of blood flow. We typically see this condition in children or adolescents, but we occasionally see it in older patients as the bones start to become brittle. After doing an x-ray and an MRI of the knee, we can see where the cartilage has broken loose which is what is causing her much pain, swelling, tenderness, and making it hard for her to walk. It is good that she came in early so that we can treat her and get her back to walking with her friends and playing with her grandchildren again. Since there are bone fragments floating around the kneecap, I would like to recommend orthopedic surgery. For now, I will prescribe an NSAID, which is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen, and I will give it in an 800mg every 8 hours. Make sure to take this medication with food or milk as it could give you an upset stomach. We will get you a referral to an orthopedic surgeon and you will be well on your way to being pain free.

~Misty Harpoon~

Reference:

Mayo Clinic, (n.d). Osteochondritis Dissecans. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375891

HS200: Diseases of the Human Body

INSTRUCTIONS: Please review the Discussion Board grading rubric attached to understand how your posts will be evaluated. Your posts should be qualitative and provide substantive depth that advances the discussion. You need to make 2 or more responses to your classmates or instructor and your responses should be around 75 words.

CLASSMATE POST #3

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that causes acute damage to the lungs, digestive system, and other organs in the body. This disease affects the cells that create mucus, sweat, and digestive juices which are generally thin and slippery. People with CF secretions become sticky and thick. Instead of working as lubricants, the secretions clog up tubes, ducts, and passageways, especially in the lungs and pancreas. Cystic fibrosis is progressive and involves day-to-day care, most people with CF are typically able to be present at work and school. Some people may not experience symptoms until their teenage years or adulthood. People who are not detected until adulthood normally have milder disease and are more likely to have atypical symptoms, such as recurring bouts of an inflamed pancreas, infertility, and frequent cases of pneumonia. Other symptoms seen with people with CF have inflamed nasal passages or a stuffy nose repeated lung infections, and exercise intolerance. Your intestines are not able to fully absorb the nutrients in the foods. Most commonly this will result in chronic or severe constipation, poor weight gain and growth, and foul-smelling, greasy stools. There is currently no cure for cystic fibrosis, but treatment can reduce symptoms, complications, and improve quality of life. Medications that aim at gene mutations, including a new medication that combines three drugs to treat the most common genetic mutation causing CF and is considered a major achievement in treatment. Other medication options are anti-inflammatory medications to lower swelling in the airways in your lungs, acid-reducing medications to help pancreatic enzymes work better, and mucus-thinning drugs to help you cough up the mucus to improve lung function.

~Brooke Markowycz ~

Reference:

Cystic fibrosis. (2020, March 14). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353706

CLASSMATE POST #4

Different ways in which a genetic disorder can be passed to another person happens often. These genetic mutations can cause Autosomal dominant patterns which is when a mutated copy of the gene in each cell is sufficient for a person to be affected by an Autosomal dominant disorder. In some cases a person can be infected by a parent, but in rare instances the condition can occur with no family history at all.

When referring to the Autosomal Recessive genes, these do not show any symptoms or signs and are not seen in every generation of families. An example of an Autosomal disorder is Huntington disease, which is a progressive brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements and several emotional problems. An example of Autosomal Recessive condition is sickle cell disease, which is a group of disorders that affects the hemoglobin, the molecule in the red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body.

Not all disorders are caused by genetic mutations, there are a lot that have to do with environmental tactics such as heart disease and schizophrenia.

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