Has International Relations failed? If so, why?


I should have clear arguments, and I should define the question well, make it easy to follow, and have a clear structure with an intro and a conclusion defining what I said.

I want to argue that yes, international relations did fail, with clear reasoning behind the argument and also mention the successes of International Relations.

Please define and explain what is meant by ‘International Relations’ in the essay.

Required Reading:

W Wallace, “Truth and Power, Monks and Technocrats: Theory and Practice in International Relations,” Review of International Studies 22, 1996, 301-321 & Ken Booth, “Discussion: A Reply to Wallace,” and Steve Smith, “Power and Truth: A Reply to William Wallace,” Review of International Studies 23 (1997).

C Weber, ‘Why is there no Queer International Theory?’ European Journal of International Relations, 2014.

B Buzan and R Little. 2001. ‘Why International Relations has Failed as an Intellectual Project and What to do about it’. Millennium – Journal of International Studies 30 (19)

Extra Reading you may find useful:

Lapid, Y .1989. ‘The Third Debate: On the Prospects of International Theory in a Post-Positivist Era’ International Studies Quarterly 33 (3).

Simangan, Dahlia. “Where is the Anthropocene? IR in a new geological epoch.” International Affairs 96.1 (2020): 211-224.

George, Jim 1989.‘International Relations and the Search for Thinking Space: Another View of the Third Debate’, International Studies Quarterly 33 (3).

Jackson, R, Sorenson, G Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (Oxford University Press).

Rytövuori-Apunen, H. 2005. ‘Forget ‘Post-Positivist’ IR! The Legacy of IR Theory as the Locus for a Pragmatist Turn’, Cooperation and Conflict 40 (2).

Biersteker. 1989. ‘Critical Reflections on Post-Positivism in International Relations’ International Studies Quarterly 33 (3).

Holsti, KJ. 1989. ‘Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Which Are the Fairest Theories of All?’ International Studies Quarterly 33(3).

Jackson, R, Sorenson, G. 2003. ‘Methodological Debates: Classical Versus Positivism Approaches’, in Jackson, R, Sorenson, G eds, Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (Oxford University Press).

Holsti, R O. 1995. ‘Theories of International Relations and Foreign Policy: Realism and its Challengers’, in Kegley, Charles W, ed, Controversies in International Relations Theory: Realism and the Neoliberal Challenge (Macmillan Press Ltd).

A Acharya and B Buzan (2007) “Why Is There No Non-Western International Relations Theory? An Introduction”, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 7:287-312.

M Pasha, ‘Untimely Reflections,’ in Robbie Shilliam (ed.), International Relations and Non-Western Thought: Imperialism, Colonialism and Investigations of Global Modernity, Routledge, London & New York, 2011.

Kurki, M. 2006. ‘Causes of a divided Discipline: Rethinking the Concept of Cause in International Relations Theory’, Review of International Studies 32 (2).

S Smith, ‘Singing our World into Existence: International Relations Theory and September 11,’ International Studies Quarterly, 48: 3.

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