History of Drama
Spanish Period
1. Teabag  “to excavate”. St. Helena’s search for cross

2. Lagaylay – Pilarenos of Sorsogon get together during Maytime
3. Cenacle – passion, and death of Christ

a. Canada – chanted like pasion
b. Hablada – a rhythmic measure of words in a deliberate manner

4. Panunuluyan – Mary & Joseph searching for refuge before Christ’s birth – presented before 12mn on Christmas eve
5. Salubong – during the easter (Mary meets risen Christ)
6. Carillo (shadow play) – a form of entertainment performed during a moonless night or a dark night after a harvest
7. Zarzuela – 1st Philippine drama. Musical comedy or melodrama. Has 3 acts of man’s passion & emotion (love, hate, revenge, cruelty, avarice or social/political problems)
8. Senate – short musical comedy (18th century) – exaggerated comedies performed by characters from lower-class family (Indio) – theme: taken from everyday life scenarios
American Period

Severino Reyes – father of Tagalog drama – Walang Sugat
Aurelio Tolentino – a Kapampangan dramatist
Luang Tagalog = masterpiece
Kahapon, Ngayon, at Bukas = resulted in his incarceration
Hermogenes Ilagan – from Central Luzon – he founded the group Campana Ilagan Severino Reyes and Hermogenes Ilagan started the movement against the moro-moro (play against Muslims)
Japanese Period
Characterized by stage shows because movie houses were closed

Organization of Filipino players (Dramatic Filipinos)

 Jose Ma. Hernandez – Panday Pira
 Francisco Soc Rodrigo – Sa Pula so Puti
 Clodualdo del Mundo – Bulaga
 Julian Cruz Balmaceda
Sino ba Kayo?
Dahil sa Anak
Gigante ng Patay

Period of New Society (Modern) reviving old plays/dramas 1977 – Tales of Manuvu (a new style of rock of the ballad opera) – Performed by Celeste Legaspi, Lea Navarro, Hadji Alejandro, Boy Canara, Anthony Castello & Rey Dizon – choreographed by Attic Reyes Singing Embayoka (CCP) – from Mindanao State University.
Development of play

PETA (Philippine Educational Theater Association) – Cecille Guidote & Lino Brocka
Repertory Philippines – Rebecca Godines & Zenaida Amador
UP Repertory – Behn Cervantes
Teatro Filipino – Rolando Tinio

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