The ‘element of worldview’ that I chose to write about is violence and the use of violence. 1 attachmentsSlide 1 of 1

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HIST 4443: Topics in European History–Vikings Fall 2021 late 8 weeks Research Paper: “Saga, Edda, and Worldview” Due by 11:59 PM on Wednesday, 12/15 This paper asks you to use at least two sagas, the Eddic poem Hávamál, and other primary and secondary sources to talk about how people in the Viking Age and medieval Scandinavia understood their world. Within this broad theme, you can choose to write about one of a number of specific elements of worldview, such as political structures and their development, the importance of personal relations, social hierarchy, or the status and roles of men and women. You will select a specific historical issue from a provided list in the second week of the course. This paper should be around 1750–2250 words long (which is around seven to nine double-spaced pages of 12 pt. type with one-inch margins) excluding its bibliography. It should use at least three primary and at least three secondary sources. It is fine to use Gisli Stursson’s Saga and Hávamál as two of your sources, but don’t just copy and paste the source essays your write for those into your paper. You must cite the material you quote or paraphrase in your paper by correctly using a formal citation style, such as APA, MLA, or Turabian/Chicago. If you are a history or social science student, I expect that you will use the Turabian/Chicago Notes and Bibliography style. Note that you must cite material that you paraphrase with the page number(s) of the original passage paraphrased, and you must include a bibliography or works cited page (not part of in the word/page count). Please submit your paper as a Microsoft Word or PDF document; do not “share” it through Google or submit a Pages document. Suggested Primary and Secondary Sources One of the challenges of writing a paper in an eight-week class is accessing sources. Here are some of the sources I suggest looking at. Be sure to make use of articles from peer-reviewed journals that look at your issue. Focus on asking and answering questions about that issue, and let that lead you to the sources you need. One of the best online sources for reliable material is the archives of the Viking Society for Northern Research, an English scholarly organization founded in the nineteenth century. This free archive includes issues of their journal, other secondary source books, and some translations as well. You can access it at Primary Sources – Eddas Poetic Edda. Translated by Carolyne Larrington. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. A number of other translations are available as well, but be careful of those that are so “poetical” that they don’t make much sense. Poetic Edda. Translated with commentary by Ursula Dronke. 3 Volumes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969–2011. You may not want to use this for her translation, but her commentary and history are deep and worthwhile. Snorri Sturluson. Edda [The Prose Edda]. Translated by Anthony Faulkes. London: Everyman, 1996. 2 While there are other translations of this, Faulkes’s is the most complete and readable. It is available through the Viking Society at – Kings and Family Sagas The Complete Sagas of Icelanders, including 49 Tales. Edited by Viðar Hreinsson et al. 5 volumes. Reykjavík: Leifur Eiríksson Publishers, 1997. Snorri Sturluson. Heimskringla. Translated by Lee M. Hollander. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. – Scandinavian Histories Ari Þhorgilsson. The Book of the Icelanders [Íslendingabók]. Edited and translated by Halldór Hermannsson. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Library; London: H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1930. The Book of Settlements: Landnámabók. Translated by Hermann Pálsson and Paul Edwards. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1972. Electronic reprint 2006. Saxo Grammaticus. The History of the Danes [Historiæ Danicæ]. Translated by Peter Fisher, edited by H.R. Ellis Davidson. 2 volumes. Cambridge, UK: D.S. Brewer, 1979–1980. – Other Histories and Sources The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Translated and edited by Michael Swanton. New York: Routledge, 1998. Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás II. Translated and edited by Andrew Dennis, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2000. Scholz, Bernhard Walter and Barbara Rogers, trans. Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard’s Histories. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1972. Secondary Sources Byock, Jesse. Viking Age Iceland. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982. Probably still the definitive book on the Iceland of the Vikings. Christiansen, Eric. The Norsemen in the Viking Age. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2002. Davidson, H. R. Ellis. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. London: Penguin, 1964. DuBois, Thomas. Nordic Religions in the Viking Age. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Ferguson, Robert. The Hammer and the Cross: A New History of the Vikings. London: Allen Lane, 2009. Hadley, Dawn. The Vikings in England: Settlement, Society, and Culture. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2006. 3 Jesch, Judith. Women in the Viking Age. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 1991. Jochens, Jenny. Old Norse Images of Women. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 1996. ———. Women in Old Norse Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995. Key for anyone writing about women in the Viking Age. Jones, Gwyn. A History of the Vikings. Second edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Likely the definitive political history of the Vikings but detailed and very dense. Karras, Ruth Mazo. Slavery and Society in Medieval Scandinavia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988. Lindow, John. Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Logan, Donald F. The Vikings in History. Third edition. London: Routledge, 2005. Page, R. I. Runes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987. ———. Runes and Runic Inscriptions. Edited by David N. Parsons. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 1995. Avoid any other books on runes, especially those published by “new age” or occult publishers like Llewellyn Worldwide or Samuel Weiser Publishing. Quinn, Judy, Kate Heslop, and Tarrin Wills, ed. Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007. Ross, Margaret Clunies, ed. Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, 2003. Sawyer, Birgit. The Viking-Age Rune Stones: Custom and Commemoration in Early Medieval Scandinavia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Sawyer, P.H. Kings and Vikings. London: Routledge, 2000. While Sawyer’s insights are valuable, this book is confusingly organized. You’ll want to use it with something else. Thurston, Tina L. Landscapes of Power, Landscapes of Conflict: State Formation in the South Scandinavian Iron Age. Hingham, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. The grading criteria for this assignment are on the next page. 4 Grading criteria I. Thesis and Argument: 40 points possible To be excellent: The paper makes an explicit claim, expressed as a single-sentence thesis statement, that is based on what primary sources reveal about worldview related to a specific issue in the Viking Age. It supports that claim through an argument that employs well-articulated points supported by evidence from primary and secondary sources. II. Evidence and analysis: 60 points possible To be excellent: The paper uses correctly-cited evidence from sources that is well chosen and effectively supports the argument made. Secondary sources comprise no more than 50% of the support of the paper. The paper uses that evidence as evidence; it focuses on analysis and argument from the basis of that evidence rather than simply compiling quotations and paraphrases from the sources. Note: errors in citation are assessed under this criterion. Citation must be in a formal style: Chicago/Turabian Notes and Bibliography style, MLA, or APA. III. Organization: 30 points possible To be excellent: The paper progresses in a logical way with appropriate transitions between paragraphs. Paragraphs address single, coherent topics related to the argument. The essay has a clear, concise, and effective introduction and conclusion. IV. Grammar, formatting, and style: 20 points possible To be excellent: The writing is clear, grammatically correct, and in a straightforward style appropriate for the genre chosen. The paper contains no more than two grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors and no more than one formatting error. It is 1750–2250 words (seven to nine double-spaced pages) long excluding the bibliography or reference list. A B C D F 40–36 35–32 31–28 27–24 23–0 60–54 53–48 47–42 41–36 35–0 30–27 26–25 24–21 20–18 17–0 20–18 17–16 15–14 13–12 11–0
Purchase answer to see full attachmentExplanation & Answer: 1750 WordsTags: Medieval Scandinaviause of Violence in the Viking Age

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