link of the book ( chapter6)



  1. What, in broad terms, is the definition of social deviance?
    a.Behavior that is contrary to a nation’s laws or to the tenets of the dominant religion
    b.Any departure from what is usual or average
    c.Behavior that causes physical or emotional harm to others
    d.Modes of action that do not conform to the norms or values held by most members of the group or society

1 points 


  1. What is the purpose of rehabilitative social sanctions? enact vengeance on the wrongdoer transform the wrongdoer into a productive member of society make money off of the crime restore the status quo that existed before the offense

1 points 


  1. According to labeling theory, what is the difference between primary and secondary deviance?
    a.Primary deviance reflects one’s personality, while secondary deviance is strictly behavioral.
    b.Secondary deviance is an eventual effect of primary deviance, where deviant identity is developed.
    c.Primary deviance requires formal social sanctions, while secondary deviance calls for informal sanctions.
    d.Primary deviance is when one breaks a law, while secondary deviance is when one breaks a norm.

1 points 


  1. According to Merton’s strain theory of deviance, which of the following is an example of an innovator?
    a.A person who rejects both socially acceptable goals and the means to achieve the goals, and wants to destroy the social order
    b.A person who embraces socially acceptable means but rejects the goals
    c.A person who embraces socially acceptable goals and the means to achieve those goals
    d.A person who embraces socially acceptable goals but rejects the means to achieve these goals


  1. How did the assumption that Black and Latino boys in Oakland, California follow the “code of the street” affect the boys that Rios (2011) worked with? Hint: Incorporate labeling theory into your response. Your response should be 3-5 sentences.