I’m working on a sociology discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

How do institutions at the structural level (i.e., education, mass media, government, etc.) affect us at the micro-level of society? Provide at least two examples

Need for “real reform” in welfare. (1) Reliance on anecdote and cultural narrative, rather than statistical, rigorously empirical mainstream policy analysis. (2) use knowledge as an ideology al and movement-building force. Chapter 5: The Counterintelligentsia, the Social Question, and the New Gospel of Wealth. New Gospel of Wealth for conservative philanthropy: establish limited government, free enterprise, individualism as prevailing political norms. (1) fund institutions with unrestricted and infrastructural grants, rather than project-based; (2) emphasize core ideas over empirical research; (3) coordinated strategy of network-building; (4) unapologetic commitment to a conservative political and ideological agenda Key factors in growth: increasing role of neoconservatives (former left-liberals), with social science authority; emerging alliance of CEO-dominated business and conservative New Class intellectuals; timing after crises of 1960s and in 1970s recurrent oil, inflation, and fiscal crises. Core ideas: critique of New Class of bourgeois intellectuals with antibusiness bias and incompetence; funding professors on campus and create conservative counterintelligentsia; framing issues in starkly ideological terms—clash of values, culture, civilization—war of ideas. 1977: Henry Ford II resigned from board of Ford Foundation, criticized foundation disengagement from system of competitive enterprise. Conservative foundations sought to defund the left but also emulate their success in impacting the political agenda. Funding conservative student newspapers on elite campuses. Chapter 6: Conclusion Progressive intellectuals: pursuit of knowledge both objective and purposive. In spite of empirical weakness, Murray’s attack captured sentiment as a “higher truth” without an effective response from liberal foundations. Pittsburgh Survey and other RSF projects, and Myrdal, both empirical and systematic, but also motivated by clear sense of public purpose, re social betterment or racial justice, with broad relevance. Social question is much broader than research question, with focus on social meaning and value of wage-earning, eg. Foundations can also recognize continual contest and debate over the social question—and seek to question current assumptions, and recognize role in legitimizing social science and acting for public interest and public social purposes, and think more broadly about publics engaged in social scientific research. Praise for The Scholar Denied “In The Scholar Denied, Aldon Morris tests, and convincingly proves, the belief, too long repressed, that W. E. B. Du Bois not only played a pivotal role in the birth of modern scientific sociology in America but was its founding father, on either side of the color line. Toppling prevailing truths like the towering genius at the center of this development, Morris’s account offers a fresh and crisply researched reinterpretation of Du Bois’s pathbreaking Atlanta school of sociology and is sure to be a major book.” —Henry Louis Gates Jr., Alphonse Fletcher University Professor, Harvard University “Aldon Morris’s The Scholar Denied: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology is one of those landmark studies that change the way we think about a historical occurrence. This well-written book is replete with original insights that challenge conventional wisdom on the origins and development of American sociology. Morris’s meticulous scholarship, based on a careful analysis of revealing primary documents as well as secondary sources, details fascinating and new information regarding Du Bois’s seminal role in the development of scientific sociology and his relationships with Booker T. Washington, Robert Park, and other members of the Chicago school, and with the preeminent social scientist Max Weber. The Scholar Denied is a must-read for those interested in how race, power, and economics determine the fate of intellectual schools.” —William Julius Wilson, Lewis P. and Linda L. Geyser University Professor, Harvard University The Scholar Denied The publisher gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the African American Studies Endowment Fund of the University of California Press Foundation. The Scholar Denied W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology Aldon D. Morris UN IV E R S ITY O F C A L IFO R N IA P R E SS University of California Press, one of the most distinguished university presses in the United States, enriches lives around the world by advancing scholarship in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Its activities are supported by the UC Press Foundation and by philanthropic contributions from individuals and institutions. For more information, visit www.ucpress.edu. University of California Press Oakland, California © 2015 by The Regents of the University of California Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Morris, Aldon D., author. The scholar denied : W.E.B. Du Bois and the birth of modern sociology / Aldon D. Morris. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-520-27635-2 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-520-28676-4 (pbk. : alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-520-96048-0 (ebook) 1. Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868–1963. 2. Sociology—United States—History. 3. Sociologists—United States. I. Title. E185.97.D73M67 2015 301.092—dc23 2014042410 Manufactured in the United States of America 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 In keeping with a commitment to support environmentally responsible and sustainable printing practices, UC Press has printed this book on Natures Natural, a fiber that contains 30% post-consumer waste and meets the minimum requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48–1992 (R 1997) (Permanence of Paper). This book is dedicated to the pioneering scholars and researchers of the Du Bois–Atlanta school of sociology and to all scholars who have been denied because of discrimination and oppression. It is also dedicated to my mother, Mary Lyles, and my grandparents, Albert and Flavelia Morris. Contents Preface Acknowledgments Introduction: Race and the Birth of American Sociology 1. The Rise of Scientific Sociology in America 2. Du Bois, Scientific Sociology, and Race 3. The Du Bois–Atlanta School of Sociology 4. The Conservative Alliance of Washington and Park 5. The Sociology of Black America: Park versus Du Bois 6. Max Weber Meets Du Bois 7. Intellectual Schools and the Atlanta School 8. Legacies and Conclusions Plates Notes References Illustration Credits Index Preface The origins of this book lie in my childhood in the heartland of Jim Crow racism in rural Tutwiler, Mississippi, where I was born in 1949. As a boy, I experienced and witnessed black life in the Deep South of the 1950s, drinking from the “colored” water fountain and receiving ice cream through the small shutter in back of the segregated Dairy Queen. I attended the small, colored elementary school, where during fall terms my classmates, who had not yet reached puberty, disappeared for several months to pick cotton so their families could survive. I was aware in the early hours of fall mornings that white men drove pickup trucks to the black side of town and loaded blacks to drop off on farms. I remember in blistering hot weather how whites sat under shade trees while we worked the fields dripping sweat from sunup to sundown. Yet, with all the backbreaking work, we never had enough to eat or adequate clothes to wear. As a young child, I tried to make sense of why we had it so bad while white children seemed to have it all. As an adult I now understand that I experienced a predicament that Du Bois had conceptualized as a caste system and a new slavery of debt peonage. There was also fear and violence, both of which I experienced through the indoctrination of Jim Crow ru…

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