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ltiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

  1. Muslims worship in a _.

a. temple

b. church

c. mosque

d. All of the above.

  1. Hinduism in India or Roman Catholicism in Spain fall into which of the following types?

a. religious group

b. sect

c. cult

d. All of the above.

  1. The Amish or Jehovah’s Witnesses fall into which of the following?

a. church

b. sect

c. cult

d. None of the above.

  1. Religious groups that combine separation from society with new ideas and an emphasis on

mystical experience fall into which religious types?

a. church

b. sect

c. cult

d. divison

  1. The Buddhist doctrine of Nirvana is an example of _.

a. reality

b. unconditioned reality

c. conditioned reality

d. virtual reality

  1. Persons singled out by the divine to receive special ecstatic powers for dealing with spiritual

things are known as _.

a. priests

b. shamans

c. monks

d. deacons4 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which of the following is one of the three forms of religious expression?

a. sociological

b. practical

c. theoretical

d. All of the above.

  1. Myths that tell the story of the creation of the universe can be considered a __ form

of religious expression.

a. theoretical

b. emotional

c. sociological

d. central

  1. _, Japanese shamanesses of Japan, are all blind or nearly so.

a. Bodhisattva

b. Miko

c. Kojiki

d. Dema

  1. The _ had a traditional ritual in which they would raise a bear cub to adulthood and

then kill it in order to send it back to the spirit world.

a. !Kungs

b. Druids

c. Ainu

d. Jivaro

  1. In general, which of the following characterize the soul according to indigenous religions?

a. separable part of yourself

b. undying

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

  1. Approximately 80% of the people of India are followers of _.

a. Buddism

b. Daoism

c. Shinto

c. Hinduism5 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. _ refers to that chain of cause and effect set in motion by one’s deeds in the world.

a. Rita

b. Caste

c. Karma

d. Dharma

  1. In Hinduism, the cosmic order is called _.

a. rita

b. karma

c. caste

d. svadharma

  1. Dharma imposes personal retribution and reward through _.

a. rita

b. karma

c. caste

d. moksha

  1. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man, which is pleasure, is called _.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana

  1. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is liberation is called __.

a. kama

b. artha

c. moksha

d. nirvana

  1. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is righteousness is called

_.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana6 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is gain is called _.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana

  1. The sets of songs and chants for auxiliary groups of priests and charms from the Vedas are

called _.

a. Sama Veda

b. Yajur Veda

c. Atharva Veda

d. All of the above.

  1. The “Books of the Forest Schools” are _.

a. Brahamans

b. Aranyakas

c. Upanishads

d. Rig Veda

  1. In the Upanishads, _ is the innermost self or “soul”.

a. Atman

b. Mantra

c. Dyaus

d. Ignis

  1. Jainism was founded by _.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak

  1. Buddhism was founded by _.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak7 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which is the correct listing of castes/varnas, from highest to lowest rank?

a. Brahmins, Vaisyas, Kshatriyas, Shudras.

b. Brahmins, Shudras, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas.

c. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Shudras.

d. Kshatriyas, Shudras, Vaisyas, Brahmins.

  1. According to the Yoga Sutras, the first limbs are positive and negative moral rules called

_.

a. yama and niyama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. asana and pranayama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

  1. According to the Yoga Sutras, posture and breath control are called _.

a. asana and pranayama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. yama and niyama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

  1. Krishna teaches Prince Arjuna the secret of _.

a. Jnana-yoga

b. Bhakti-yoga

c. Karma-yoga

d. All of the above

  1. Which of the following are one of the three things that a Buddhist affirms?

a. “I take refuge in the Buddha.”

b. “I take refuge in the Dharma.”

c. “I take refuge in the samgha.”

d. All of the above.

  1. Which of the following was another title for the Buddha?

a. Sakyamuni

b. Shaka

c. Shakamuni

d. All of the above.8 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Vajrayana can be characterized by being __.

a. known as the Thunderbolt Vessel

b. found in Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and Mongolia

c. known as the Diamond Vessel

d. All of the above.

  1. In Vajrayana thought, the dharmakaya is made equivalent to __.

a. paramitas

b. prajna

c. prajnaparamita

d. None of the above.

  1. Who brought the Chan tradition of Buddhism to China?

a. Upali

b. Kashyapa

c. Bodhidharma

d. Mahayana

  1. Shinto gods are known as _.

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. None of the above.

  1. Which of the following is an offering at a Shinto shrine?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. None of the above.

  1. What is a Shinto shrine festival called?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. All of the above. 9 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. The Five Books or Confucian Classics include _.

a. The Great Learning

b. The Analects

c. The Mean

d. None of the above.

  1. In Confucian thought, the Superior Man is called _.

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. Yang

  1. In Confucian thought, what term indicates rites, proper conduct, ceremonies, courtesy, and

doing things the right way?

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. Ying

  1. Society for Confucius was founded on _.

a. filial piety

b. the rectification of names

c. the five relationships

d. the Eight Fold Path

  1. The Cornerstone relationship among the Five Relationships is _.

a. ruler-subject

b. father-son

c. husband-wife

d. elder-younger brother

  1. Filal Piety characterizes which of the following Five Relationships?

a. ruler-subject

b. father-son

c. husband-wife

d. elder-younger brother 10 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which of the following is a Confucian Philosopher?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above.

  1. Which of the following held that human nature is basically good and is only impeded by an

evil social environment?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above.

  1. Which of the following said that man is basically evil in the sense of being self-centered and

need education and social control to become good?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. Han

  1. According to tradition, which of the following wrote part of and edited all of the

Five Books (also known as the basic texts of the ru)?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. None of the above.

  1. The unity in which all things fit together harmoniously is called:

a. Confucian

b. Dao/Tao

c. Shinto

d. Di

  1. Which of the following religions believes that what is expected of humans is to live

spontaneously and close to nature in more formal systems, and to meditate and perform rites

that draw on close to gods and immortals?

a. Confucianism

b. Daoism/Taoism

c. Shintoism

d. Hinduism11 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which religious founder was known as the “Old Man” and left China on a water buffalo

toward Tibet?

a. Siddhartha

b. Confucius

c. Laozi

d. Tung Zhungshu

  1. Which of the following books did Laozi write?

a. Baopuzi

b. The Great Learning

c. Dao de Jing

d. All of the above.

  1. The first and greatest of subsequent Daoist writers is _.

a. Guo Xiang

b. Baopuzi

c. Ge Hong

d. Zhuangzi

  1. Which of the following are Daoist writers?

a. Guo Xiang

b. Laozi

c. Ge Hong

d. All of the above.

  1. Which of the following writings had Outer and Inner parts?

a. The Dao de Jing

b. The Baopuzi

c. The Zhuangzi

d. The Yi Jing

  1. Wu-Wei stands for _.

a. being or doing

b. nonbeing or not doing

c. being or not doing

d. nonbeing or doing 12 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. The supreme deity in religious Daoism is _.

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

  1. In Daoism, which of the following lives in Shangri-La?

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

  1. Who wrote the analects for women?

a. Ch’eng

b. Pan Chao

c. Sung Jochao

d. Lui Hsian

  1. In Shinto, the symbolic dwelling place of the kami is called _.

a. Honden

b. Gohei

c. Haiden

d. Heiden

  1. What is the name of the God Abraham worshiped?

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. None of the above.

  1. In Mesopotamia, the dying-rising vegetation god is called _.

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. None of the above.13 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Among the Hebrews, the __ were members of a class of seers who entered into

visionary, divinatory trance in which they would give out the direct word of God for a

situation.

a. levites

b. scribes

c. prophets

d. knights

  1. Which of the following were in the Garden of Eden?

a. Cain and Abel

b. Abraham and Sarah

c. Adam and Eve

d. All of the above.

  1. Which of the following Hebrew Kings built the first temple?

a. Saul

b. Solomon

c. David

d. Mark

  1. Which people took Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple, carrying many off into exile?

a. Babylon

b. Egypt

c. Persia

d. Rome

  1. Who conquered the Persian Empire?

a. Alexander the Great

b. Ptolemy

c. Antiochus IV

d. Ptolemy II

  1. Which of the following teaches the full following of the law or Torah and are very traditional

in Talmudic scholarship, theology, forms of festival and worship?

a. Reform Judaism

b. Conservative Judaism

c. Reconstructionist Judaism

d. Orthodox Judaism14 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which of the following takes the Law seriously as a guide to life but believes that its

provisions can and should be adjusted to suit the conditions of modern living?

a. Reform Judaism

b. Conservative Judaism

c. Reconstructionist Judaism

d. Orthodox Judaism

  1. Which of the following had the “I-Thou” relationship as a key concept of his thinking?

a. Franz Rosenzweig

b. Martin Buber

c. Abraham Joshua Heschel

d. None of the above.

  1. The Jewish marital settlement is called _.

a. Niddah

b. Ketubah

c. Agunah

d. Shekhinah

  1. Jesus’ chief disciple was _.

a. Pontius Pilate

b. Judas

c. Mary Magdalene

d. None of the above.

  1. What happened to the followers of Jesus who were gathered in an upper room at Pentecost?

a. They saw Jesus ascend into heaven.

b. They saw the resurrected Jesus.

c. They received the Holy Spirit of God.

d. b and c only

  1. Who is known as the Apostle to the Gentiles?

a. Paul

b. Peter

c. John

d. Matthew 15 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Which of the following councils affirmed the Nicene Creed?

a. Nicaea

b. Ephesus

c. Chalcedon

d. Constantinople

  1. Which of these reformers contributed immensely to the development of democracy and to the

churches we know as Reformed, Presbyterian, and Congregational?

a. John Hus

b. Martin Luther

c. John Calvin

d. John Wycliffe

  1. The first woman to be ordained to the Christian ministry in America was _.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Antoinette Brown

  1. The founder of the Shaker movement was _.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

  1. The founder of the Sisters of Charity (the first American Roman Catholic religious order) and

often called the mother of the Catholic parochial school system who was beatified in 1963:

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

  1. Who wrote The Way of Holiness and Faith and Its Effects?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard 16 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. Who graduated from Oberlin College, the first to admit women to its degree-granting

programs?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Antoinette Brown

  1. Which is the second most sacred city in Islam?

a. Jerusalem

b. Mecca

c. Medina

d. Cairo

  1. Which of the following is Muhammad’s daughter?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

  1. Which of the following is Muhammad’s first wife?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

  1. The name of God in Islam is _.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

  1. In Islam, the name of their holy book is _.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret17 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. In Islam, the call to prayer is made by a _.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

  1. In Islam, worship takes place in a _.

a. Mosque

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

  1. What is the purpose of the Qur’an?

a. to proclaim the oneness and sovereignty of God

b. to develop the philosophy and theology of God

c. to tell the story of God and God’s people

d. All of the above.

  1. The term used to denote the law in Islam is _.

a. shirk

b. shari’a

c. hadith

d. jihad

  1. The term used to denote holy war in Islam is _.

a. shirk

b. shari’a

c. hadith

d. jihad

  1. The successors to Muhammad are called _.

a. imam

b. mahdi

c. king

d. caliph 18 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. The Umbanda and Candomblé is a type of __ Movement.

a. Hybrid

b. Spirit

c. Reactive

d. Golden Age

  1. _ is an up-to-date religion with youth rallies, marching bands, and an emphasis on

chanting to receive worldy as well as spiritual benefits.

a. Falun Gong

b. Nichiren Shoshu

c. Hare Krishna

d. Druid

  1. In __ Movements, participants claim a special connection with beings from the

spiritual realm.

a. Reactive

b. Goddess

c. Spirit

d. Import

  1. Two subgroups of the Golden Age Movement are _ and __.

a. Voodoo; Santería

b. Pentecostal; Nichiren

c. Feminist spirituality; Neo-pagan

d. Falun Gong; Hare Krishna

  1. _,”the way of the saints,” is a religious movement combining African and Roman

Catholic features.

a. Bhakti

b. Santería

c. Wicca

d. Voodoo

  1. New religions usually offer either a __ message.

a. progressivist-reform

b. purist-reform

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.19 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

  1. In _, esho funi means that the inner and the outer are not separate.

a. Nichiren Buddhism

b. Daoism

c. Taoism

d. None of the above.

  1. Which of the following only allows female leadership?

a. Millennialism

b. Tenrikyo

c. Voodoo

d. Brahma Kumari

  1. The foundational belief of most __ followers is that prior to the patriarchal

revolution, men and women lived harmoniously with each other and with nature in egalitarian

agrarian communities.

a. Goddess Movement

b. The Church on Earth

c. Falun Gong

d. Hari Krishna

  1. The _ movement was originally an important spiritual practice within Hinduism that’s

now been adopted in the West as a form of exercise.

a. chanting

b. hugging

c. yoga

d. All of the above.

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