smokers aged 70 and above who have quit smoking have lowered the risk of mortality (“Harms of Cigarette Smoking”). 3. Continued smoking can lead to peptic ulcer disease, reproductive health complication, osteoporosis and coronary heart disease. Passive smoking have also contributed to problems like SIDS, asthma and breathing problems, hearing loss and ear infections. II. The list of strategies that can help to quit smoking are: A. Adopt a START strategy. 1. Set a quit date, Tell your friends and family about your plan and seek support, Anticipate and plan the challenges that you might face like a withdrawal symptom, Remove cigarettes and other tobacco products and Talk to your doctor for prescribed medication. B. The withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be suppressed using few successful methods like nicotine replacement therapy and non-nicotine medication. C. Alternative therapies like hypnosis, acupuncture, behavioral therapy, motivational and medical therapies can help smokers to quit smoking. D. Counseling when used along with medication can help one to reduce smoking. E. Adopt skills training and problem solving methods to decrease the risks of relapse and smoking. Conclusion I. Summary: I consider this an opportunity to talk about the health benefits and strategies related to quit smoking and help the smoker category people to try and experience the change. II. Close: According to Warner et al. (43), quitting smoking directly adds up 10 years to lifespan in comparison to continued smoking. One is prone to reduce the risk to a greater extent if smoking is quit at a younger age. Bibliography “Harms of Cigarette Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting”., Sosnowski, Roman, et al. “The diagnosis of bladder cancer: are we missing a teachable moment for smoking cessation?.” Translational Andrology and Urology 8.Suppl 3 (2019): S318. Sumartiningsih, Sri, Hsin-Fu Lin, and Jung-Charng Lin. “Cigarette smoking blunts exercise-induced heart rate response among young adult male smokers.” International journal of environmental research and public health 16.6 (2019): 1032. Warner, Kenneth E., and David Mendez. “E-cigarettes: comparing the possible risks of increasing smoking initiation with the potential benefits of increasing smoking cessation.” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 21.1 (2019): 41-47.

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