a reduction of water available for irrigation worsening health due to poor water quality in some areas a loss of water supply to power hydroelectric power plants all of the above Question 15 1 pts Which of the following would make a country LESS at risk from a large reduction in freshwater coming from mountain glaciers over the next 100 years? an increasing population a large proportion of the county’s energy is generated using hydroelectric power relatively high amounts of precipitation in downstream areas the population is relatively poor and depends on agriculture for their livelihoods MacBook Pro 0 م % 5 6 ON 7 3 F veo 2 28 表 w EE E E 17 R T Q 0 B F G н D A А S ASC E T B X Z C % emmend u Question 16 3 pts The map below shows 3 locations (Norway, Namibia, Peru). Match the location to the correct tide gauge graph based on the information below. The tide gauges show whether there has been an increase or decrease in sea level from the year 1900- 2000. Norway Peru Namibia Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge record for Norway would be (Select] MacBook Pro $ 1 7 ON % 5 6 7 3 17 Ma EE E E W R 4 0 0 D F A S HO IF х с N X CE Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge recor Norway would be [Select ] Gauge A Gauge B Namibia – a low Gauge C experienced any significant land surface movement. The tide gauge recor Gauge D Namibia would b Gauge E Gauge F Peru – this area experienced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge reco Peru would be [Select ] + Gauge A + Gauge Sea level (m) Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 20 MacBook Pro ! 7 # 3 $ 4 % 5 2 a 7 F Vigo רו M w ECE E fab Q R T Y 3 D r o as lock А S F mo 0 H IF N х C V B % coin commend Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge reco Norway would be (Select] Namibia – a low latitude location which has not experienced any significant land surface movement. The tide gauge reco Namibia would bi [Select ] Gauge A Gauge B Peru – this area e Gauge C Peru would be Gauge D Gauge E Gauge F ake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge rec + Gauge A + Gaug Sea level (m) o Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 20 MacBook Pro E ! 7 # 3 2 3 $ 4 % 5 6 ר CE E רר r M w tab m R T PC 0 a lock A S D F G IF N х C V B se ee la this area experienced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused sigr Peru would b [Select] Gauge A Gauge B Gauge C Gauge D Gauge E Gauge F Gauge A Sea level (m) Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 + Gauge C + evel (m) evel (m) 0 PORT 蘭 1 1 T LE W Q tab A caps lock Iced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge record for Peru would be [Select] + Gauge A + Gauge B Sea level (m) Sea level (m) a + 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 Gauge C + 2000 Gauge D Sea level (m) 0 0 Sea level (m) – 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 2000 + Gauge E + Gauge F m) n) MacBook Pro 08 i NO $ 4 % 5 6 1 8 ora CE E דר 13 A T C w E Y R 0 r D 0 F D S A I х с N * mang u Question 16 3 pts The map below shows 3 locations (Norway, Namibia, Peru). Match the location to the correct tide gauge graph based on the information below. The tide gauges show whether there has been an increase or decrease in sea level from the year 1900- 2000. Norway Peru Namibia Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge record for Norway would be (Select] MacBook Pro $ 1 7 ON % 5 6 7 3 17 Ma EE E E W R 4 0 0 D F A S HO IF х с N X CE Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge recor Norway would be [Select ] Gauge A Gauge B Namibia – a low Gauge C experienced any significant land surface movement. The tide gauge recor Gauge D Namibia would b Gauge E Gauge F Peru – this area experienced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge reco Peru would be [Select ] + Gauge A + Gauge Sea level (m) Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 20 MacBook Pro ! 7 # 3 $ 4 % 5 2 a 7 F Vigo רו M w ECE E fab Q R T Y 3 D r o as lock А S F mo 0 H IF N х C V B % coin commend Norway – a high latitude location that was underneath a large ice sheet during the last glacial period. The tide gauge reco Norway would be (Select] Namibia – a low latitude location which has not experienced any significant land surface movement. The tide gauge reco Namibia would bi [Select ] Gauge A Gauge B Peru – this area e Gauge C Peru would be Gauge D Gauge E Gauge F ake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge rec + Gauge A + Gaug Sea level (m) o Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 20 MacBook Pro E ! 7 # 3 2 3 $ 4 % 5 6 ר CE E רר r M w tab m R T PC 0 a lock A S D F G IF N х C V B se ee la this area experienced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused sigr Peru would b [Select] Gauge A Gauge B Gauge C Gauge D Gauge E Gauge F Gauge A Sea level (m) Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 + Gauge C + evel (m) evel (m) 0 PORT 蘭 1 1 T LE W Q tab A caps lock Iced a very large earthquake in 1950 that caused significant drop of the land. The tide gauge record for Peru would be [Select] + Gauge A + Gauge B Sea level (m) Sea level (m) a + 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 Gauge C + 2000 Gauge D Sea level (m) 0 0 Sea level (m) – 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 2000 + Gauge E + Gauge F m) n) MacBook Pro 08 i NO $ 4 % 5 6 1 8 ora CE E דר 13 A T C w E Y R 0 r D 0 F D S A I х с N * mang + 2000 Gauge D Sea level (m Sea level (m) 1900 1950 2000 + 1900 1950 Gauge E 2000 + Gauge F Sea level (m) o Sea levei (m) 1900 1950 2000 1900 1950 2000 MacBook Pro NO . % 5 7 3 6 ។ 8 Fuso ר דר CE E E w R u 0 5 A S F D OH IF х C N V # Cemend 1950 2000 Question 17 1 pts Which of the following would cause a eustatic increase in sea level? sea ice melting in the Arctic Ocean an increase in our removal of groundwater for growing crops a decrease in ocean temperatures the growth of large ice sheets on land Question 18 1 pts MacBook Pro ON | هم % 5 7 3 6 Fullo ר רו CC E E w T Y 5 S G A D H н » 7 N х с v # मोदी Question 18 1 pts So far, thermal expansion has been the largest contributor to sea level rise. What are we MOST concerned about in terms of the potential magnitude and rate of sea level rise in coming centuries or millenia? the amount of groundwater we use up mountain glaciers around the world the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets melting Arctic sea ice D Question 19 1 pts MacBook Pro $ 4 NO % 5 & 7 6 I 8 A ܚ CC E E 17 R Y T W u D r 0 D G A S IF V с х N $ merd Question 19 1 pts Which of the below diagrams accurately represents a positive feedback loop occurring on Greenland? Amount of melting Amount of melting A B Air Air temperature at ice surface Height of Greenland ice sheet temperature at ice surface Height of Greenland ice sheet Amount of melting Amount of melting C С D Air temperature at ice surface Height of Greenland ice sheet Air temperature at ice surface Height of Greenland ice sheet MacBook Pro n ON % 5 4 3 8 A 6 7 Fuso 表 天 w CE E E 17 R т C 0 S D F HO I E TY х с N < * erard C D Question 20 1 pts Why are we more worried about the West Antarctic ice sheet melting/collapsing than the East Antarctic ice sheet? Because air temperatures are rising dramatically in West Antarctica but not in East Antarctica. Because the East Antarctic icesheet is resting on rock above sea level but the West Antarctic ice sheet is resting on rock far below sea level. Because the West Antarctic ice sheet is 10 times bigger than the East Antarctic ice sheet. Question 21 2 pts MacBook Pro $ 4 % 5 6 8 7 2 3 Full ir M w CE E E 17 R T Y 0 o . H н А S mo » TI NO Z х C $ Because the East Antarctic icesheet is resting on rock above sea level but the West Antarctic ice sheet is resting on rock far below sea level. ut in East Antarctica. Because the West Antarctic ice sheet is 10 times bigger than the East Antarctic ice sheet. Question 21 2 pts Sea walls have been proposed as a solution to sea level rise. Give: a) at least ONE negative consequence of sea level rise that sea walls could protect against. (1) b) at least ONE reason why sea walls may not always be a good solution to prevent harm. (1) Edit View Insert Format Tools Table 12pt Paragraph V B I U A B T²v MacBook Pro ON # 3 $ 4 % 5 or 7 6 7 M CC E E 17 R 2 W Y 0 1 1 D S F D A G I A E х N с B 義 end р 100 O words Question 22 1 pts Sea leve rise – Exposure: Of the 3 locations we discussed in the last lecture, which would have the largest exposure to a 1m sea level rise? Rotterdam, Netherlands Maputo, Mozambique Tuvalu Aasian 22 ta MacBook Pro n ON % 5 4# 3 & 7 I 4 6 Fvello דר CE E E т C Y R w 0 А F S D NO I E N х с X Maputo, Mozambique Tuvalu Question 23 2 pts Sea level rise – Vulnerability: Of the 3 locations (Rotterdam, Maputo, Tuvalu) we discussed in the last lecture, which do you think would be most vulnerable to 1m of sea level rise and why? (2) Edit View Insert Format Tools Table 12pt Paragraph Β Ι Ο Αν T²v v MacBook Pro et 書 ! % 5 ON 8 a> 3 A M A ד דר ܚ CCE E FCL T C w o r D G A S IF х с N # mene Question 24 3 pts Adapting to sea level rise: The diagram below shows a house close to sea level. Name the 3 major adaptation strategies and for each strategy give a specific example of something the owner of the house could do to adapt to sea level rise. (3) MacBook Pro & 4 3 8 NO % 5 $ 4 6 Fuel u ܚ רו C CC E E Y R W o 0 I F S D с > х N mere Question 25 1 pts What is the most useful thing society could do to prevent the worst impacts of climate change? reduce carbon emissions build floating houses O invest in more insurance Question 26 1 pts Apart from sea level rise, explain at least one way that your life in California is likely to be affected by melting of the cryosphere. MacBook Pro ** 3 $ 4 NO & & 7 % 5 8 6 7 un ܚ ר דר CE E E u T w R . 0 D F А S IF V N х X Rere invest in more insurance Question 26 1 pts Apart from sea level rise, explain at least one way that your life in California is likely to be affected by melting of the cryosphere. (If you live somewhere else right now you are welcome to answer for your area instead but please also tell me where you are!) Edit View Insert Format Tools Table 12pt Paragraph BI U Αν er 7² vo v Ev D : MacBook Pro ! NO $ 4 % 5 3 F vello M C רו се E C Y R w o r 0 0 F S D с > х N X р words Question 27 1 pts Explain one thing you learned in the class that surprised you or the topic you most enjoyed learning

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