Geopolitical and phenomenological place influence the context of a population or community assessment and intervention in various ways. A community could be defined by one of two designations, phenomenological (relational) or geological (spatial). A geographic community is a community within defined jurisdictional boundaries. These communities could include city communities, rural municipalities or towns. Phenomenological communities, on the other hand, define a group of people with shared or similar-minded relationships, beliefs, goals, and interests (Leipert, 1996). They might not necessarily share the same geographical boundaries as geographical communities. These communities could include social groups or religious groups. These people mostly come together to achieve the feeling of belonging in their relational designations. These people may have a group perspective that differentiates them from other groups on matters including culture, values, beliefs, characteristics, and goals.
Everyone lives in a geographic community and many people are also part of a phenomenological group. These groupings present various challenges for public health nurses. The main challenge is the issue of cultural and language barriers. Some of the practices that can help overcome these challenges include reflective practice and obtaining knowledge of different cultures and practices. Nurses should also self-evaluate and ensure that their personal beliefs do not interfere with the nursing process.
The nursing process is utilized to assist in identifying health issues because it involves the appropriate application of a systematic series of actions that aim at ensuring that individuals achieve their optimal level of health. The main steps in the nursing processes include assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Assessment refers to the collection and evaluation of information regarding the status of health in the community (Rector, 2013). It aids in discovering potential or existing needs and assets as a basis for any future action plans or interventions.
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