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What special precautions or practices should a private practitioner adopt in order to minimize professional liability and ensure that their treatment of clients remains soundly within the boundaries of professional practice standards? The American Counseling Association as well as individual state counseling associations (i.e., ICA, AzCA) provide a variety of resources to clinicians. Choose either the ACA, ASCA, or your state’s counseling association. What are its member benefits, activities, services to members, and current issue? How could membership be especially helpful to the private practitioner? Summarize what the ACA or ASCA Code of Ethics says about the following: report writing, record keeping, and service reimbursement. Assumptions About Human Behavior Select one of the schools of thought from the readings for this week (physiology, experimental psychology, voluntarism, structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, and other early approaches). Discuss your chosen school of thought in terms of these four attributes: 1. Principles: Rules and standards associated with the school of thought. 2. Values: Core beliefs, ideals, and priorities that distinguish this school of thought from others. 3. Subject Matter: Content, the issues focused on by practitioners of this school of thought. 4. Research Methods and Other Applied Methodologies: Questions asked and problems solved by those using this school of thought. Identifying Your Assumptions Your initial post in this discussion has two parts; be sure to address both of them. First, describe your own assumptions about human nature and behavior, using the questions below to help clarify your theoretical assumptions. Next, choose from the schools of thought presented in the multimedia piece, Introduction to Schools of Psychological Thought. Is there one or more school of thought that seems to match your own assumptions? How? Be specific and use the four attributes outlined in this unit’s Assumptions About Human Behavior discussion to discuss how your personal theory aligns with a school of thought. In preparing your response, you may use these questions to help define your existing assumptions: • What is the importance of biology? How much animal heritage remains in humans? • Are people basically good, bad, or neutral? • Is human behavior determined by past events and training, or by genetics? Is there free will? • How much influence is exerted by nature and by nurture? • How are the mind and body related? • What is the relative importance of feelings, thoughts, and actions in human behavior? How should we go about finding answers to questions about human beings? Psychology Ph.D. Library Research Guide – Researching Schools of Thought Additional Help • Use your text, Hergenhahn’s an Introduction to the History of Psychology, to read the following: • Chapter 8, “Physiology and Psychophysics,” pages 215–242. • Chapter 9, “Early Approaches to Psychology,” pages 243–272. • Chapter 11, “American Psychology and Functionalism,” pages 313–360. • Chapter 14, “Gestalt Psychology,” pages 429–455. Use the Capella University Library to read the following: • Muijs, D. (2004). Doing quantitative research in education with SPSS. Sage. • Chapter 1, “Introduction to Quantitative Research,” pages 1–10. • Chapter 2, “Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research,” pages 13–33. Multimedia View the multimedia titled Introduction to Schools of Psychological Thought for an overview of the schools of thought we will focus on in this course.
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