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UNFORMATTED ATTACHMENT PREVIEW

CptS 451 – Introduction to Database Systems Homework-4 Spring 2021 Consider the following database schema (also in HW4schema.sql): CREATE TABLE UserTable ( userID CHAR(8), firstName VARCHAR, lastName VARCHAR, email VARCHAR(50), PRIMARY KEY (userID) ); CREATE TABLE Instructor( instructorID CHAR(8), title VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (instructorID), FOREIGN KEY (instructorID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE Student( studentID CHAR(8), major VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (studentID), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE Course ( major VARCHAR, courseNum CHAR(3), title VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (major,courseNum) ); CREATE TABLE Prerequisite ( major VARCHAR, courseNum CHAR(3), prereqMajor VARCHAR, prereqCourseNum CHAR(3), PRIMARY KEY (major,courseNum,prereqMajor,prereqCourseNum), FOREIGN KEY (major,courseNum) REFERENCES Course (major,courseNum), FOREIGN KEY (prereqMajor,prereqCourseNum) REFERENCES Course (major,courseNum) ); CREATE TABLE Class ( classID VARCHAR, major VARCHAR NO T NULL, courseNum CHAR(3) NOT NULL, semester VARCHAR(10), year CHAR(4), instructorID CHAR(8) NOT NULL, enrollmentlimit INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (classID), FOREIGN KEY (major,courseNum) REFERENCES Course(major,courseNum), FOREIGN KEY (instructorID) REFERENCES Instructor(instructorID) ); CREATE TABLE Enroll ( studentID CHAR(8), classID VARCHAR, grade INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (classID,studentID), FOREIGN KEY (classID) REFERENCES Class(classID), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES Student(studentID) ); CREATE TABLE Assignment ( classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, title VARCHAR, weight INTEGER, deadline DATE, PRIMARY KEY (classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (classID) REFERENCES Class(classID) ); CREATE TABLE Submit ( studentID CHAR(8), classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, score INTEGER, submissionDate DATE, PRIMARY KEY (studentID, classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (classID, assignmentNo) REFERENCES Assignment(classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES Student(studentID) ); CREATE TABLE Post ( postID INTEGER, userID CHAR(8) NOT NULL, kind VARCHAR, timestamp DATE, content VARCHAR, popularity INTEGER, -PRIMARY KEY (postID), FOREIGN KEY (userID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE PostAbout ( postID INTEGER, classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (postID,classID,assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (postID) REFERENCES Post(postID), FOREIGN KEY (classID, assignmentNo) REFERENCES Assignment(classID, assignmentNo) ); Please complete the following before you answer the homework questions: 1. On PostgreSQL Server create a database named hw4. 2. Download and extract HW4DB.zip – attached to HW4 on Blackboard. There are *two* sql script files in this archive: HW4DB.sql and HW4schema.sql. 3. Create the tables UserTable, Instructor, Student, Course, Prerequisite, Class, Enroll, Assignment, Submit, Post, PostAbout by running the CREATE TABLE statements in HW4schema.sql file. Make sure to create the tables in the given order, otherwise you will get errors due to foreign key definitions. 4. Populate your DB by running the HW4schema.sql. This file contains the INSERT statements for the above tables. • See Appendix-1 for instructions on how to execute script files on command line. • You may alternatively copy and paste the INSERT statements on the DBMS client (pgAdmin or command line) and execute them. 5. Check if the data is inserted correctly by running a “select * from” on each table. The tables sizes are given below: • UserTable: 22 ; Instructor: 10 ; Student: 16 ; Course: 18; Prerequisite: 11; Class: 22, Enroll: 62; Assignment: 17; Submit: 67 ; Post: 20; PostAbout: 20 Write the following queries in SQL for the above database schema. The order of the : 1. Find the distinct instructors who taught a ‘CptS’ course in the ‘Spring’ ‘2020’ semester. Return the firstname, lastname, and title of those instructors. (Order by firstname.) firstname | lastname | title ———–+————+——————–Diane | Cook | Professor Sakire | ArslanAy | Associate Professor Venera | Arnaoudova | Assistant Professor (3 rows) 2. Find the classes that have more than 10 students enrolled in them. Return the classID, major, courseNum of each class and the number of students enrolled. (Order by major and coursenum.) classid | major | coursenum | numstudents —————-+——-+———–+————2019S01CptS437 | CptS | 437 | 14 2019S01CptS451 | CptS | 451 | 14 2019F02STAT360 | STAT | 360 | 12 (3 rows) 3. Find the courses which do not have any prerequisites. Return the major, courseNum, and title of each such course. (Order by major and coursenum.) major | coursenum | title ——-+———–+———————————-CptS | 132 | Data Structures – Java CptS | 223 | Advanced Data Structures CptS | 581 | Software Maintenance CptS | 582 | Software Testing MATH | 171 | Calculus I MATH | 415 | Some MATH Class STAT | 360 | Probability and Statistics STAT | 412 | Statistical Methods in Research I (8 rows) 4. Find the students who posted more than one post on the same day. Return the userID, the date for the posts, and the number of posts that the user posted on that date. userid | timestamp | count ———-+————+——8 | 2019-01-15 | 2 (1 row) 5. a) Find the course which has the highest enrollment limit among all classes. Return the classID, major, courseNum, semester, year, and enrollment limit of the course. classid | major | coursenum | semester | year | enrollmentlimit —————-+——-+———–+———-+——+—————-2019S01CptS321 | CptS | 321 | Spring | 2019 | 30 (1 row) b) Find the courses that has the highest enrollment limit among the courses of each major. Return the classID, major, courseNum, semester, year, and enrollment limit of those courses. (Order by major and coursenum.) classid | major | coursenum | semester | year | enrollmentlimit —————-+——-+———–+———-+——+—————-2019S01CptS321 | CptS | 321 | Spring | 2019 | 30 2019S01MATH172 | MATH | 172 | Spring | 2020 | 20 2019F02STAT360 | STAT | 360 | Fall | 2019 | 15 (3 rows) 6. Find the students whose overall GPAs are less than their GPAs in the CptS classes (i.e., the average of the grades in the CptS classes they took). If a student didn’t take any CptS courses, the query result should not include those students. Return the firstname, lastname, studentID, CptS GPA and, overall GPA of those courses. (Order by lastname.) firstname | lastname | studentid | csgpa | gpa ———–+———-+———–+——-+—–Ben | Hill | 20 | 3.67 | 3.00 Lucas | Mason | 8 | 3.67 | 3.40 Travis | Person | 16 | 2.50 | 2.25 Noel | Sam | 9 | 3.33 | 3.00 Tyler | Walker | 5 | 4.00 | 3.40 (5 rows) 7. Find the pairs of students who submitted an assignment on the same date and earned the same score for that assignment. Give the first names of those students, the classIDs of the assignments, the submission dates , and the scores earned. (Order by the firstnames of the students.) firstname | firstname | classid | assignmentno | submissiondate | score ———-+———–+—————-+————–+—————-+—–Andy | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 75 Andy | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 3 | 2019-02-25 | 75 Andy | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Andy | Rachel | 2019S01CptS451 | 4 | 2019-03-05 | 75 Andy | Rachel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Andy | Tyler | 2019S01CptS451 | 1 | 2019-02-05 | 75 Rachel | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 2 | 2019-02-15 | 75 Rachel | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Rachel | Tazin | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 85 Rea | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 4 | 2019-03-05 | 95 Rea | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 95 Rea | Tyler | 2019S01CptS451 | 3 | 2019-02-25 | 95 Tazin | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 1 | 2019-02-05 | 85 Tazin | Tyler Tyler | Noel (15 rows) | 2019S01CptS451 | | 2019F01CptS355 | 2 | 2019-02-15 5 | 2019-11-15 | | 85 100 8. Find the classes whose enrollments exceed their enrollment limits (i.e., the number of enrolled students is greater than the enrollment limit of the class). Return the class major, courseNumber, enrollment limit, and the actual enrollment for those courses. major | coursenum | enrollmentlimit | numstudents ——-+———–+—————–+————CptS | 451 | 8 | 14 (1 row) 9. Students who wrote a post about an assignment but didn’t submit that assignment. Return the studentID, classID, and assignmentNo for the assignment, and the content of the post. (Order by the classid and assignmentno.) studentid | classid |assignmentno | content ———-+—————-+————–+——————————————16 | 2019F01CptS355 | 2 | Is it possible to submit HW1 a little bit late? 18 | 2019F01CptS355 | 2 | Should we include the query output in our solution. 4 | 2019F01CptS355 | 2 | Yes.! 20 | 2019F01CptS355 | 5 | Can we handwrite the solution? 15 | 2019S01CptS451 | 2 | Clarification on problem-2 (5 rows) 10. Write the equivalent SQL query for the following relational algebra expression. Averages =  MaxAverage = πclassID,maxAvg classID;avg(grade)->avgGrade  MAX(avgGrade)->maxAvg (Enroll) (Averages) (Averages ⨝ (avgGrade = maxAvg) (MaxAverage)) classid | maxavggrade —————-+——————-2020S01CptS582 | 3.6666666666666667 (1 row) Extra Credit: (5pts) Find the students who submitted all the assignments of a class that they were enrolled in. Return the ids of those students and the classid(s) of their courses. If a class doesn’t have any assignments, it should not be included in the search results. (Order by classid and studentid.) studentid | classid ———–+—————5 | 2019F01CptS355 8 | 2019F01CptS355 4 | 2019S01CptS451 5 | 2019S01CptS451 8 | 2019S01CptS451 9 | 2019S01CptS451 10 | 2019S01CptS451 (7 rows) Submission Instructions: HW4 will be submitted online on Canvas. • Please include all your SQL queries in a text file (in order) and save it as HW4.sql • Please include the question numbers as comments. Also, include your name and the list of the students you collaborated with in the beginning of the file. • Before you submit, make sure that the complete file can be run on the command line with the following command. Make sure to include ; at the end of each query. If your file doesn’t run because of syntax errrors, you will be deducted up-to 5pts. psql -U postgres –d hw4 • < HW4.sql Submit your HW4.sql file to “Homework-4 -Dropbox” under on Canvas. Appendix Running an SQL Script file on PostgreSQL Command Line: Start a console window (on Windows: run cmd), and browse to the directory where the .sql script file is located. Run the following in command line : psql -U postgres –d hw4 < your_script_file.sql If the database hw4 doesn’t exists, you need to create it first. If you would be running PostgreSQL client with another username (other than postgres), replace postgres with that username. You will be asked to enter your password for the username you specify. How to run the script and create the output file Let’s assume you have created your sql script file and saved it as your_script_file.sql. If you would like to save query results into a file, then run a statement like the following in the command line. This would save the query results into your_output_file.txt: psql -U postgres –d db_name < your_script_file.sql > your_output_file.txt CptS 451 – Introduction to Database Systems Homework-4 Spring 2021 Consider the following database schema (also in HW4schema.sql): CREATE TABLE UserTable ( userID CHAR(8), firstName VARCHAR, lastName VARCHAR, email VARCHAR(50), PRIMARY KEY (userID) ); CREATE TABLE Instructor( instructorID CHAR(8), title VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (instructorID), FOREIGN KEY (instructorID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE Student( studentID CHAR(8), major VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (studentID), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE Course ( major VARCHAR, courseNum CHAR(3), title VARCHAR, PRIMARY KEY (major,courseNum) ); CREATE TABLE Prerequisite ( major VARCHAR, courseNum CHAR(3), prereqMajor VARCHAR, prereqCourseNum CHAR(3), PRIMARY KEY (major,courseNum,prereqMajor,prereqCourseNum), FOREIGN KEY (major,courseNum) REFERENCES Course (major,courseNum), FOREIGN KEY (prereqMajor,prereqCourseNum) REFERENCES Course (major,courseNum) ); CREATE TABLE Class ( classID VARCHAR, major VARCHAR NOT NULL, courseNum CHAR(3) NOT NULL, semester VARCHAR(10), year CHAR(4), instructorID CHAR(8) NOT NULL, enrollmentlimit INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (classID), FOREIGN KEY (major,courseNum) REFERENCES Course(major,courseNum), FOREIGN KEY (instructorID) REFERENCES Instructor(instructorID) ); CREATE TABLE Enroll ( studentID CHAR(8), classID VARCHAR, grade INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (classID,studentID), FOREIGN KEY (classID) REFERENCES Class(classID), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES Student(studentID) ); CREATE TABLE Assignment ( classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, title VARCHAR, weight INTEGER, deadline DATE, PRIMARY KEY (classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (classID) REFERENCES Class(classID) ); CREATE TABLE Submit ( studentID CHAR(8), classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, score INTEGER, submissionDate DATE, PRIMARY KEY (studentID, classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (classID, assignmentNo) REFERENCES Assignment(classID, assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (studentID) REFERENCES Student(studentID) ); CREATE TABLE Post ( postID INTEGER, userID CHAR(8) NOT NULL, kind VARCHAR, timestamp DATE, content VARCHAR, popularity INTEGER, -PRIMARY KEY (postID), FOREIGN KEY (userID) REFERENCES UserTable(userID) ); CREATE TABLE PostAbout ( postID INTEGER, classID VARCHAR, assignmentNo INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (postID,classID,assignmentNo), FOREIGN KEY (postID) REFERENCES Post(postID), FOREIGN KEY (classID, assignmentNo) REFERENCES Assignment(classID, assignmentNo) ); Please complete the following before you answer the homework questions: 1. On PostgreSQL Server create a database named hw4. 2. Download and extract HW4DB.zip – attached to HW4 on Blackboard. There are *two* sql script files in this archive: HW4DB.sql and HW4schema.sql. 3. Create the tables UserTable, Instructor, Student, Course, Prerequisite, Class, Enroll, Assignment, Submit, Post, PostAbout by running the CREATE TABLE statements in HW4schema.sql file. Make sure to create the tables in the given order, otherwise you will get errors due to foreign key definitions. 4. Populate your DB by running the HW4schema.sql. This file contains the INSERT statements for the above tables. • See Appendix-1 for instructions on how to execute script files on command line. • You may alternatively copy and paste the INSERT statements on the DBMS client (pgAdmin or command line) and execute them. 5. Check if the data is inserted correctly by running a “select * from” on each table. The tables sizes are given below: • UserTable: 22 ; Instructor: 10 ; Student: 16 ; Course: 18; Prerequisite: 11; Class: 22, Enroll: 62; Assignment: 17; Submit: 67 ; Post: 20; PostAbout: 20 Write the following queries in SQL for the above database schema. The order of the : 1. Find the distinct instructors who taught a ‘CptS’ course in the ‘Spring’ ‘2020’ semester. Return the firstname, lastname, and title of those instructors. (Order by firstname.) firstname | lastname | title ———–+————+——————–Diane | Cook | Professor Sakire | ArslanAy | Associate Professor Venera | Arnaoudova | Assistant Professor (3 rows) 2. Find the classes that have more than 10 students enrolled in them. Return the classID, major, courseNum of each class and the number of students enrolled. (Order by major and coursenum.) classid | major | coursenum | numstudents —————-+——-+———–+————2019S01CptS437 | CptS | 437 | 14 2019S01CptS451 | CptS | 451 | 14 2019F02STAT360 | STAT | 360 | 12 (3 rows) 3. Find the courses which do not have any prerequisites. Return the major, courseNum, and title of each such course. (Order by major and coursenum.) major | coursenum | title ——-+———–+———————————-CptS | 132 | Data Structures – Java CptS | 223 | Advanced Data Structures CptS | 581 | Software Maintenance CptS | 582 | Software Testing MATH | 171 | Calculus I MATH | 415 | Some MATH Class STAT | 360 | Probability and Statistics STAT | 412 | Statistical Methods in Research I (8 rows) 4. Find the students who posted more than one post on the same day. Return the userID, the date for the posts, and the number of posts that the user posted on that date. userid | timestamp | count ———-+————+——8 | 2019-01-15 | 2 (1 row) 5. a) Find the course which has the highest enrollment limit among all classes. Return the classID, major, courseNum, semester, year, and enrollment limit of the course. classid | major | coursenum | semester | year | enrollmentlimit —————-+——-+———–+———-+——+—————-2019S01CptS321 | CptS | 321 | Spring | 2019 | 30 (1 row) b) Find the courses that has the highest enrollment limit among the courses of each major. Return the classID, major, courseNum, semester, year, and enrollment limit of those courses. (Order by major and coursenum.) classid | major | coursenum | semester | year | enrollmentlimit —————-+——-+———–+———-+——+—————-2019S01CptS321 | CptS | 321 | Spring | 2019 | 30 2019S01MATH172 | MATH | 172 | Spring | 2020 | 20 2019F02STAT360 | STAT | 360 | Fall | 2019 | 15 (3 rows) 6. Find the students whose overall GPAs are less than their GPAs in the CptS classes (i.e., the average of the grades in the CptS classes they took). If a student didn’t take any CptS courses, the query result should not include those students. Return the firstname, lastname, studentID, CptS GPA and, overall GPA of those courses. (Order by lastname.) firstname | lastname | studentid | csgpa | gpa ———–+———-+———–+——-+—–Ben | Hill | 20 | 3.67 | 3.00 Lucas | Mason | 8 | 3.67 | 3.40 Travis | Person | 16 | 2.50 | 2.25 Noel | Sam | 9 | 3.33 | 3.00 Tyler | Walker | 5 | 4.00 | 3.40 (5 rows) 7. Find the pairs of students who submitted an assignment on the same date and earned the same score for that assignment. Give the first names of those students, the classIDs of the assignments, the submission dates , and the scores earned. (Order by the firstnames of the students.) firstname | firstname | classid | assignmentno | submissiondate | score ———-+———–+—————-+————–+—————-+—–Andy | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 75 Andy | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 3 | 2019-02-25 | 75 Andy | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Andy | Rachel | 2019S01CptS451 | 4 | 2019-03-05 | 75 Andy | Rachel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Andy | Tyler | 2019S01CptS451 | 1 | 2019-02-05 | 75 Rachel | Bob | 2019S01CptS451 | 2 | 2019-02-15 | 75 Rachel | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 5 | 2019-03-15 | 75 Rachel | Tazin | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 85 Rea | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 4 | 2019-03-05 | 95 Rea | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 6 | 2019-04-05 | 95 Rea | Tyler | 2019S01CptS451 | 3 | 2019-02-25 | 95 Tazin | Noel | 2019S01CptS451 | 1 | 2019-02-05 | 85 Tazin | Tyler Tyler | Noel (15 rows) | 2019S01CptS451 | | 2019F01CptS355 | 2 | 2019-02-15 5 | 2019-11-15 | | 85 100 8. Find the classes whose enrollments exceed their enrollment limits (i.e., the number of enrolled students is greater than the enrollment limit of the class). Return the class major, courseNumber, enrollment limit, and the actual enrollment for those courses. major | coursenum | enrollmentlimit | numstudents ——-+———–+—————–+————CptS | 451 | 8 | 14 (1 row) 9. Students who wrote a post about an assignment but didn’t submit that assignment. Return the studentID, classID, and assignment…

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