The Treatment of Depression in Disadvantaged Youths Essay


In this paper, you will demonstrate your ability to conceptualize, organize, and write a literature review using your research question as an organizing framework. This literature review will discuss what is known in the contemporary peer-reviewed literature about how and if the independent variables in question have an effect on the dependent variable. You will identify gaps in the peer-reviewed social welfare literature. These gaps include, but are not limited to, instances where the independent variables have not been assessed in your target population (race, ethnicity, age groups, sociodemographic status, etc), that the independent variable has not been assessed with regard to the dependent variable you have selected, or, perhaps the gap is with respect to the methodology of the previous studies (limited to one geographic area, small sample sizes, etc).

The final product will consist of:

  • A cover sheet in APA format
  • A second page that includes your revised research question and hypothesis. Be clear about what your independent variables, and the dependent variable are. Please use subheadings on this page.
  • A 5-page literature review
  • References (no limit on the number, but most include at least 10-15 different scholarly references)

Npte: The cover sheet, second page, and reference pages are not included in the 5-page literature review page count. Please use the following naming convention when submitting your paper – LastNameFirstName

Your paper should be structured as follows:

Introduction:Identification of the problem, study objectives, research question(s) and/or hypothesis (es).

This section is typically be 3-5 pagraphs and should contain at least3 unique citations. Here you should define key concepts and provide critical background information to frame the problem (e.g. magnitude of problem, who and how it affects general and specific populations, key characteristics of populations, ect.). In this section your should address:

  • Clearly state your research questions/hypotheses (What is your research trying to find out?)
  • Why is this important research, what is its significance, and why should someone reading the proposal care about the outcomes of the proposed study?
  • Answer the “So What? question [i.e., why should anyone care].
  • Present the rationale of your research question and base that rationale in available evidence. Identify gaps that your research will address.
  • Note how your proposed study builds on previous assumptions about the research problem.

Body:In the body of this paper, you will provide an assessment of your two interventions (independent variables in your hypothesis). You will accomplish this by selecting and critically examing one peer reviewd article for each intervention. This article must report the effects of the chosen intervention. (~3 pargraphs for each intervention article).


  • CBT as a tx for depression (reported in article 1) versus MBSR as a treatment for depression (reported in article 2).
  • Group therapy as tx for anxiety disorders among youth (reported in article 1) versus individualized therapy as tx for anxiety disorders among youth.

Conclusions:In this section, you will summarize the findings of your review and draw conclusions. Compare and contrast the strengths and weakness of the the articles under review. Make conclusions about limitations and relevant areas for future inquiry. This is where you demonstrate your critical reflection of the content and tie in key concepts from the course into your appraisal. Dig deeper by asking questions such as:

  1. What were the key results and what conclusions did the authors draw?
  2. Are these conclusions justified by the methods?
  3. Were the research approaches comprehensive or did it leave you with questions?
  4. Was there a better methodology that could have been undertaken to address the original research question proposed in the article(s)?
  5. Were there flaws in the measures used?
  6. Were there flaws in the research process or author conclusions?
  7. Were ethical issues present?
  8. Are results generalizable? To what extent?
  9. What are the limitations and implications for future research and/ or social work practice? Include those that are reported in the article as well as those you suggest based on your critical review.
  10. What are the next steps to continue to move the research understanding forward on this topic?

The Impact of Disadvantaged Youth’s Lifestyle on their Psychological Well-being

Research Question

Many young adults in America are born and forced to reside in disadvantaged neighborhoods (Alvarado, 2018). These locations are often, characterized by poverty, crime, and substance abuse. There is also limited health care services. The fact that most members from this population demographic cannot get themselves out of these neighborhoods means that they are forced to adopt unhealthy habits and lifestyles that can have an adverse impact on their psychological well-being (Cabello et al., 2017). Substance abuse and addiction are some of the major challenges disadvantaged youths must contend with. Often, when a person is depressed and living very unhealthy lifestyles, these two might exacerbate one another (Cabello et al., 2017). Various evidence-based therapeutic modalities have been developed to facilitate the treatment of depression. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are some of the popular interventions used to help depressed young adults. As such, this study will examine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of youths from disadvantaged neighborhoods.


Ascertaining the effectiveness of these evidence-based therapeutic modalities is critical. This is because doing so will help determine whether they can treat depressed young adults from disadvantaged neighborhoods. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an intervention aimed at helping individuals identify and alter their destructive thought patterns, which adversely affect their conduct and well-being (David et al., 2018). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), on the other hand, seeks to deal with unconscious feelings, conduct, and thoughts that enhance a person’s stress levels (Chi et al., 2018). Based on this, I will hypothesize that CBT and MBSR can help many disadvantaged youths to identify hidden patterns in their lifestyle that increase their risk of depression, and thereafter, work on changing these patterns.


Alvarado, S. E. (2018). The impact of childhood neighborhood disadvantage on adult joble

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