•  Question 1

                Why did Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx believe capitalism should be eliminated?

•  Question 2

                Why were Timothy O’Sullivan’s and Alexander Gardener’s photographs of the Gettysburg battlefield so disturbing?

•  Question 3

                In Katsushika Hokusai’s The Great Wave, what does the distant Mount Fuji represent?

•  Question 4

                How did the East India Company recoup the money it spent buying Chinese products for import?

•  Question 5

                By how much did Haussmann’s plan increase land dedicated to public parks in Paris?

•  Question 6

                Why did the Parisian workers revolt in June 1848?

•  Question 7

                Why did the United States outlaw Chinese immigration in 1882 with the Chinese Exclusion Act?

•  Question 8

                On what values was nationalism based?

•  Question 9

                Why did Haussmann’s redesign cause the working class to move outside the city?

•  Question 10

                Why did the Japanese nishiki-e calendar painters have to disguise the symbols for months in their works?

•  Question 11

                Why did Charles Baudelaire speak so disparagingly of George Sand?

•  Question 12

                Why in part did Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) disturb its viewers?

•  Question 13

                In Rigoletto, how does Giuseppe Verdi show his characters’ contrasting emotions?

•  Question 14

                Why did the Jockey Club demand that French opera have a second-act ballet?

•  Question 15

                Why did Wagner design the orchestra to be underneath the stage of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus?

•  Question 16

                How did Verdi have to change his operas so they would be produced in Paris?

•  Question 17

                Who is the first person to call himself an “anarchist”?

•  Question 18

                For what was Charles Baudelaire’s poetry criticized?

•  Question 19

                How did George Sand challenge sexual stereotypes?

•  Question 20

                What does the black cat at the end of Olympia’s bed symbolize?

•  Question 21

                Why was Degas attracted to the soft effects of pastel chalks?

•  Question 22

                Why did nineteenth-century Russian collectors favor French and German works over Russian art?

•  Question 23

                Why are the young girls in Degas’s Dance Class in a moment of great stress?

•  Question 24

                How did William Morris and Company discriminate against women?

•  Question 25

                How did Tchaikovsky raise ballet music to a new level?

•  Question 26

                Why did the 13 Russian artists known as the Travelers show their paintings across the country instead of in an urban gallery?

•  Question 27

                As stated in the chapter’s “Continuity and Change” section, why were nineteenth-century Americans so attracted to French culture?

•  Question 28

                Why did Camille Pissaro paint Red Roofs with the complementary colors red and green and orange and blue set side by side?

•  Question 29

                Why can Renoir’s Luncheon of the Boating Party be viewed as a response to Émile Zola’s challenge for the Impressionists to create more complex paintings?

•  Question 30

                In Berthe Morisot’s Summer’s Day, why is one woman’s dress with zigzags while the other is a patchwork of straight strokes?

•  Question 31

                How did Jane McCrea become a symbol of Native American and white relations?

•  Question 32

                According to architect Louis H. Sullivan, what determined a building’s identity?

•  Question 33

                Why did suffragette Lillie Devereux Blake declare the Statue of Liberty to be an oxymoron?

•  Question 34

                Why was ragtime music poorly received by many Americans?

•  Question 35

                Why did the Lakota and the Kiowa tribes keep a “winter count”?

•  Question 36

                Why did John Ruskin criticize James Whistler’s Impressionistic Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket?

•  Question 37

                Which earlier artist seems to have influenced Eakins in The Gross Clinic and The Agnew Clinic?

•  Question 38

                In The Life Line, how does Winslow Homer present the female?

•  Question 39

                What was the title of the preparatory sketch for George Bellows’ Cliff Dwellers?

•  Question 40

                Why did the U.S. Congress select Chicago to host the 1893 Columbian Exposition?

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