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Part 1: Watch the videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se20RoB331w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pT-k1kDIRnw • Read the article: https://aeon.co/essays/why-its-as-hard-to-escape-an-echo-chamber-as-it-is-toflee-a-cult •Your post should be a MINIMUM 350 words. Summarize the videos. You can say what you liked, disliked, agreed with, disagreed with, add an example, give an objection, raise a question, or discuss how the video interacts with other things we’ve discussed in class. The most important thing is that you add something substantial rather than merely summarizing things. Also consider writing things that your classmates may find interesting, things they may want to reply to, or raise questions for them to think more about. Part 2: Replying to other message board posts: • You must respond to 2 other students’ work. • Your responses should each be a MINIMUM 100 words. React to the other person’s response. Do you agree? If so, note this and add something to their claims—an example, a new argument or reason in support of the view, or how the view might respond to an objection. Do you disagree? Kindly and respectfully explain why you disagree. Disagreement in a discussion of a friendly discussion is strongly encouraged. However, please do not attack anyone personally—keep the focus on the ideas. Reply 1) In this week’s videos we learned about echo chambers and filter bubbles. Echo chamber are an environment where a person would encouter the same information and opinions that reflect our own opinions. These echo chambers can create misinformation and distort people perpective, further causing difficulty for the person in considering oppsing view points and discussing complicated topics. These echo chambers can pretty much occut anywhere where information is exchanged and can be difficult to recognize. Filter bubbles on the other hand are describes as algorithims that keep a track of what you click on and what you are intrested in, they then proceed to provide you with content based on what you like. They isolate you from information and perspectives that you haven’t showed any interest in. These filter bubbles can cause a lock of understanding and an unwillingness to consider other view point, and becusae of these you are most likely to also miss out on important information. Both echo chambers and filter bubbles are hard to recognize, so to make sure that we are not trapped by these, we can always try our best to look for new sources for the same topic. We can listen to different opinions and take them into consideration. However, I think it’s pretty interesting how echo chambers and filter bubbles work. It also reminds me of human interaction as well, you tend to be more friendly and social with people who have the same opinions and interest as yourself. 2) This week we watched two videos which discussed echo chambers, as well as filter bubbles. Echo chambers are when you’re in a position to only hear or read about the same perspectives/ ideas/opinions over and over again that match and reinforce their own. This is an issue because it can cause misinformation to be spread, as well as it can distort a person’s perspective and make it very difficult to consider and discuss view points that don’t align with their own views. Echo chambers make it so people don’t have the full story, and only focus on what they want to hear or read. This is partially due to confirmation bias which is the tendency to favour certain information that reinforces existing beliefs. Filter bubbles is the term used to describe when the algorithm isolates a person from information and perspectives that you haven’t yet expressed an interest in. This also leads to a lack of understanding and unwillingness to consider opposing views and unfavourable information. Again, filter bubbles don’t let us see the full story which can be harmful when people spread information to others. I think it is very interesting that most people are in their own echo chambers, and aren’t even aware of it. I believe this is something important to consider when trying to form an opinion on something, we should make it a habit to get more than one source for our information, especially if we want to call it knowledge. Part 3: Answer the following questions in sentences. 1) Why does Nguyen think that echo chambers are especially dangerous? 2) Do you think you are currently in any echo chambers? If so, what are they? Do you think they have the negative effects on you that Nguyen describes? 3) Nguyen considers a way to escape the problems caused by echo chambers and epistemic bubbles: think for yourself. Stop trusting others so much. Why does he think this ultimately won’t help? Do you agree or disagree with him? 4) What is a social-epistemic reboot? Do you think doing this is a good idea? What would this look like, practically speaking? 5) Can you think of any other ways (besides a social-epistemic reboot) one might escape an echo chamber, or at least resist its negative effects? Explain.

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